Termite Nest in Amazon Rainforest, Manaus, Brazil

The Amazon Rainforest hosts about 240 species of termites. The Portuguese word is térmitas. Indigenous people call them cupins. The Latin derivative means wood-eating worm. These blind cousins of cockroaches feed on cellulose from dead plant material and are an essential part of the ecosystem. They live in a complex caste system similar to bees with a king and queen, several soldiers and predominately workers. Termites create three types of nests. Some are completely underground while others protrude. This is an arboreal nest attached to a tree.

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