During much of the Archaic Period (800 – 479 BC), Delphi was highly revered, second only to Athens in importance. Greeks of all status made pilgrimages to this Panhellenic sanctuary. You are about to follow in their footsteps. Although the complex is in ruins, your imagination will quickly sense the former grandeur. You first encounter the Temple of Athena Pronaia. Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom and warfare. She was also a protectress of several Greek cities including Athens (which took her name). The word Pronaia means “in front of.” This suggests she was protecting the larger temple in Delphi dedicated to her half-brother Apollo. The Athena site was composed of about nine structures including temples, treasuries and altars. The first temple was built in the 7th century BC and destroyed by an earthquake in the following century. The replacement was constructed in 510 BC. The third major temple was added in 360 BC.