Approximately 8,000 Canadian soldiers supported the British Empire during the Boer War. The battles against the South African Republic occurred for over 2.5 years from 1899 until 1902. During the campaigns, about 270 Canadians perished. Eight years later, Walter Seymour Allward was commissioned to design the South African War Memorial. At the top of granite column is the winged figure of Victory holding a gilded crown. At the base is a bronze sculpture representing Mother Britain flanked by two soldiers.