Monument Square is a triangular downtown plaza. Since 1891, the centerpiece has been the Soldiers and Sailors Monument. This is a tribute to the Union servicemen from Portland who died during the American Civil War. Atop the granite base is Our Lady of Victories. The 14 foot sculpture by Franklin Simmons holds a sword and shield while wearing a laurel wreath symbolizing triumph. The bronze figure personifies Minerva, the Roman goddess of war and wisdom. At the base are additional statuary representing the Army and Navy.