When you turn the corner to the main square in front of Wawel Cathedral, your eyes are attracted to the gilded dome of Sigismund Chapel. Kaplica Zygmuntowska is one of the finest examples of Italian Renaissance architecture in Europe. It was created during the elaborate expansion of Wawel Cathedral and Castle in the 16th century. Inside are the opulent tombs of Sigismund I the Old (reign 1506 – 1548), his son Sigismund II (1548 – 1572) and daughter Anna Jagiellon, the Queen of Poland from 1575 – 1587. The interior is embellished with intricate reliefs, marble statues of saints, busts of kings, religious paintings and a silver altarpiece.