In 1357, Samuel Levi founded a Jewish synagogue here named El Transit. Three years later, he was imprisoned and then executed for conspiracy. In 1492, when the Catholic Monarchs issued the Alhambra Decree expelling all Jews from the Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon, this mid-14th century building became a church for the Convent of Caballeros de Calatrava. In 1910, it was restored as a history museum of Jewish culture and religion in Spain. The exhibits inside of the Sephardic Museum are as fascinating as the elaborate Mudéjar architecture surrounding them.