Dominicans commissioned architect Francisco Becerra to design the Church of Santo Domingo. The Roman Catholic church was finished in 1581. The convent was added during the 17th century. The former cloister now houses a museum of religious art. In the center of Plaza de Santo Domingo is this monument to Antonio José de Sucre. While a general in the Spanish American Wars of Independence, Sucre’s army defeated the Spanish in the Battle of Pichincha in 1822. The victory secured the freedom of Quito from Spanish rule.