Ruins of Roman Theatre in Cádiz, Spain

The Carthage Empire occupied Gadir (present day Cádiz) beginning in 500 BC until 206 BC when they were defeated by the Roman Republic in the Second Punic War (218 – 201 BC). In 49 BC, Julius Caesar renamed the city Gades when granting it municipal status. During this prosperous 1st century BC, Lucius Cornelius Balbus the Elder – a rich Roman and Caesar’s personal secretary – built an amphitheater capable of seating an audience of 20,000. The Roman Theater was abandoned in the 4th century and later buried beneath a 13th century fortress. The ruins were discovered in 1980 and are still being excavated.

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Calle Mesón, 11-13, 11005 Cádiz, Spain

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