The Dubrovnik Cathedral has an interesting history. According to legend, while Richard I of England was returning from the Holy Land during the Third Crusade in 1192, he and his crew were shipwrecked off the coast of Dubrovnik at Lokrum Island. At the height of the storm, Richard the Lionheart prayed if his life were spared he would commission a magnificent church. The result was a beautiful Romanesque basilica that was built during the 12th century. When it was destroyed in the 1667 earthquake, the Catholic church was rebuilt as the current Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary.