German occupation of Czechoslovakia began in 1938. On March 16, 1939, Adolph Hitler sat in the Prague Castle and proclaimed Czechoslovakia to be part of the new Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. Several resistance movements were initiated through 1944 but failed. In retaliation, the Germans arrested and killed thousands. The Prague Uprising was the final revolt on May 5 – 9, 1945, when citizens confronted the Nazis in bloody battle until securing Prague’s liberation. The Resistance Flag Monument is a tribute to those who fought and died during the German occupation. This Czech Republic flag sculpture was created by Vladimír Preclík and erected in Klárov Park in 2005.