Captain Cook created the name New South Wales when he discovered the continent in 1770. 18 years later, Sydney was established as a penal colony and Captain Arthur Phillip was named its first governor. In 1824, a Legislative Council was established. Within five years, they started meeting in the north wing of Rum Hospital. The Georgian building then evolved into the Parliament House. In 1842, a chamber was pre-fabricated in Glasgow and added to the structure. More expansions occurred in the 1970s. However, its historic core – listed on the New South Wales Heritage Register – still serves NSW’s Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council. Sydney is the capital of Australia’s most populated state.