Neumarkt was established in the 16th century. Over time, the large town square evolved into the social and economic cornerstone of Altstadt (Old Town) Dresden. The edges were defined by colorful Baroque-style buildings displaying rows of dormer windows. During the Seven Years’ War (1756 – 1763), New Market Square was damaged but quickly recovered. However, after being obliterated at the end of WWII, Neumarkt lay fallow for decades. Since the early 2000s, facsimiles of the original buildings have been reconstructed within eight sections according to a twenty-year plan. The results are stunning! Admire the historic reproductions while strolling along the cobblestones. On the left is a statue of Martin Luther (1483 – 1546). He was an Augustinian monk who challenged the Catholic faith and initiated the Protestant Reformation. The memorial was created in 1885 by Adolf von Donndorf and Ernst Rietschel.