Carmelite missionaries arrived in Manaus in 1696. They soon built a chapel dedicated to Our Lady of the Conception. It was replaced during the late 18th century and destroyed by fire in 1850. The current Catedral Nossa Senhora da Conceição was finished in 1878. In 1946, it became the Mother Church for the Roman Catholic Diocese of the Amazon. In 1980, Metropolitan Cathedral of Manaus was honored to welcome Pope John Paul II. You might hear the cathedral called either Igreja Matriz or Matriz Church.