Also in Domitian Square is the Memmius Monument. It represents victory over a brutal enemy of the Roman Republic. In 88 BC, Mithridates VI of Pontus masterminded the slaughter of over 80,000 Roman citizens in Asia Minor. The one-day event is called Asiatic Vespers. This sparked three successive Mithridatic Wars. Roman general Sulla (and later the dictator of Rome) defeated Mithridates in the first campaign and liberated Ephesus in 86 BC. To commemorate his grandfather, Memmius erected this tribute during the 1st century AD. The monument originally displayed reliefs portraying Sulla’s greatness and the heroism of his army. Left behind are sculptures of Sulla and Caius, the father of Memmius and also a Roman general.