The excavations of Masada have uncovered a treasure-trove of artifacts. They provide a glimpse into the three significant chapters: Herod’s palace, the rebel stronghold and the occupation by Roman soldiers. Items include pottery, cooking utensils, coins, jewelry, swords, clothing, statues and scroll fragments. Also found were pottery shards with names including the rebel leader Eleazar ben Ya’ir. Speculation is these were used for drawing lots among the last rebels for deciding the order of being murdered. This fascinating collection is displayed at the Masada Museum named in honor of archeologist Yigael Yadin. Make sure to visit the museum before leaving Masada National Park and rushing off to the Dead Sea.