After admiring the Great Theatre at the base of Panayir Hill, turn right onto Marble Street. The white marble pavement adorned with columns and sculptures originated in the 1st century and was extensively refurbished 400 years later. Marble Street was the city’s most important road. It was also part of the Sacred Way leading to the Temple of Artemis. Along your half mile walk, you will pass lots of broken architectural elements in an open field measuring nearly 130,000 square feet. This was the Commercial Agora. The Greek word means gathering place or marketplace. The largest of the two agoras in Ephesus was initially constructed during the Hellenistic period (began in Ephesus in 292 BC), doubled in size by the Romans in the 1st century and enhanced through the early 3rd century. The Commercial Agora was a center for world trade, a major slave market and contained retailers plus political offices.