At the center of Phillips Square is the King Edward VII Monument. The eldest son of Queen Victoria reigned over the United Kingdom from 1901 until 1910. This 14 foot bronze sculpture by Louis-Philippe Hébert was erected in his memory in 1914. The statue of the woman raising an olive branch represents Peace. The other three allegories at the base of the monument are Abundance, Liberty and the Four Nations of Montreal (France, Scotland, Ireland and England).