As a distinguished member of Iceland’s parliament for 35 years (1844 – 1879), Jón Sigurðsson was a thought leader and major proponent for Icelandic independence. His steadfast resolve resulted in Denmark agreeing to a limited Icelandic constitution in 1874. He also promoted Icelandic nationalism (called Þjóðernishyggja). This is the spirit of patriotism, love of country, freedom, and the preservation of the country’s culture and language. This bronze tribute by Einar Jónsson is the centerpiece of Austurvöllur, the main square in Reykjavík.