The initial inhabitants were the Caiquetío, an Arawak Indian tribe. Soon after the Spanish arrived in 1499, they named it Curaçao because they believed the island “cured” sailors of scurvy. The Dutch conquered it in 1634. Today, Willemstad has a population of about 150,000 people. It is the capital of this constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The entire city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the foreground is a late 18th century cast-iron cannon. The 24 pounder next to the Queen Emma Bridge points across St. Anna Bay towards Otrobanda.