As your water taxi returns from the coastal sightseeing tour, you will travel a course followed by people for millenniums. The first settlers were Tamoio Indians. They were a tribe of the Tupi people who originated in the Amazon Rainforest. In the mid-16th century, the area was discovered by French pirates. Initially, they had a symbiotic relationship harvesting brazilwood used for gun stocks and cabinetry plus a red dye for clothing. In nearly the same timeframe, Portuguese navigators arrived. As the old saying goes, two is company and three is a crowd. In 1575, the Rio de Janeiro governor decided to eradicate the indigenous people and pirates. The bloody process lasted until 1615. For the next 150 years, Búzios was a major port for whale hunters until the mammals bordered on extinction. After 1768, Búzios evolved into a sleepy fishing community. That changed forever after Brigitte Bardot visited in 1964.