There are four historic landmarks visible from this open field in Selçuk about three miles from Ephesus. Your eyes are immediately attracted to the castle. Archeologists hypothesize people lived on this elevated position since the Bronze Age (over 4,000 years ago). Evidence from the 8th century BC also suggests this was the first location of Ephesus. Ayasuluk Fortress (locally called Ayasuluk Kalesi) originated in the 6th century AD during the Byzantine Era and was abandoned in the 18th century. Also on Ayasuluk Hill is the Basilica of St. John (upper right). The church was built in 565 AD and has been in ruins since the 14th century. Many believe this is the site of John the Apostle’s tomb. He lived in Ephesus while taking care of the Virgin Mary during the last years of her life. On the left is Isa Bey Mosque. The impressive Muslim structure was finished in 1375 during the Ottoman Era by İsa Bey, a member of the Aydınid dynasty. The most famous landmark is the least obvious: the two columns. This is where the Temple of Artemis stood. The first version was built in the Bronze Age and flooded in the 7th century BC. The second iteration was finished about 550 BC. The grand Greek temple was set ablaze in 356 BC by Herostratus, a madman who wanted his name etched in history. The third version began in 323 BC. It resembled the Parthenon but was more than twice the size at 450 by 225 feet. The Temple of Artemis was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was heavily damaged by the Goths in 268 AD and eventually closed in the early 5th century. Scant remnants remain.