The Peruvian War of Independence against the Spaniards began in 1811 and did not officially end until 1824. However, after successfully liberating Lima in 1821, an Argentine General named José de San Martin declared Peruvian Independence on July 28. The military leader is considered to be the founder of the Republic along with Simón Bolívar. This equestrian statue of San Martin, the Protector of Peru, was erected in Plaza San Martin during the centennial anniversary. Ironically, the monument was created by a Spanish sculptor named Mariano Benlliure.