Cinelândia Square is perhaps the city’s most important plaza. Since the early 20th century, it has been encircled with several prominent landmarks. Three of them will be shown next. The square’s official name and this monument honor the same man: Floriano Peixoto. While Brazil’s second president (1891 – 1894), the “Iron Marshall” subdued several rebellions and stabilized the First Brazilian Republic formed in 1889. This bronze tribute by sculptor Eduardo Sá was erected at Praça Floriano in 1910.