Your tour of Ephesus is ending. Before you exit through the southern gate, take a final glance at the fascinating ruins of this ancient city. When you turn around, you will walk through the barren remains of the State Agora. The rectangular-shaped land (equivalent to a forum) measures 525 by 240 feet. The piles of broken marble bely the former importance of this marketplace, public plaza and center for political speeches. In the 1st century BC, a temple also stood here honoring the Egyptian goddess Isis. The Romans later installed a cistern for drinking water delivered though clay pipes from an aqueduct. The first agora dates back to the 6th century BC. Subsequent ones were built in the 1st century BC, plus the 3rd and 4th centuries AD.