Among the numerous memorials encircling the Tennessee State Capitol was this bronze likeness of Edward W. Carmack. He was a U.S. senator from 1901 until 1907. The tribute was created by Nancy Cox-McCormack and erected in 1927. Carmack’s outspoken newspaper editorials resulted in his death by gunfire in 1908. His harsh criticism of Ida B. Well – known as the Mother of the Civil Rights Movement – led George Floyd protestors to topple the Carmack statue in 2020.