There are about 40 Christian churches, monasteries and schools in the Christian Quarter. Many were sponsored by Europeans. An example is the Church of the Redeemer. The benefactor was Wilhelm II, the last German emperor and king of Prussia (1888-1918). This Lutheran Church of the Holy Land opened in 1898. It was constructed above St. Maria Latina, a former 12th century church. Even more interesting, remnants of homes and a street from the 2nd century were discovered below the church during the 1970s. You can tour this excavation. Also consider climbing the 178 steps of the 131 foot bell tower for the best elevated view of the Old City.