The Windsor Castle seen today is an amalgamation of building projects dating back to the 11th century. Here are a few of them. William the Conqueror, the Norman King of England, was the first to build a motte-and-bailey stronghold at Windsor. Henry III added a palace before dying in 1272. King Edward III instituted a system of taxation to pay for his lavish expansions during the 14th century. Charles I, the Merry Monarch, commissioned a huge enlargement while the King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1625 – 1649. Two other monarchs, George III and George IV, conducted significant enhancements during their collective reigns from 1760 through 1830. The last restoration occurred after a fire in 1992. This is the southwest façade along Castle Hill Road.