Winnipeg, Canada – One

Winnipeg is the capital city of Manitoba and a precious jewel in Canada’s crown. You will be amazed at all of the delightful places you will find to explore and enjoy at the “Gateway to the West.”

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1 Winnipeg Skyline Along Red River, Canada

Winnipeg, Canada, was formed at the confluence of the Red River and the Assiniboine River at a point called “The Forks,” which is the name of the park in the foreground. It has grown into the country’s seventh largest city and the capital for Manitoba province. On the left is the
Canadian Museum for Human Rights which was finished in 2014. The white pedestrian bridge on the right is the Esplanade Riel. In between them in this photo are several of downtown Winnipeg’s high-rises.

Avenue de la Cathedral & Tache Ave, Winnipeg, MB R2H 0H7, Canada
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2 Esplanade Riel and Blue Flags in Winnipeg, Canada

The Esplanade Riel cable-stayed bridge has become a Winnipeg landmark since it opened in 2003. It was named after Louis Riel, the founder of Manitoba. The pedestrian-only, white bridge is 646 feet long and spans over the Red River to connect downtown with the French community of Saint Boniface. In the foreground are some of the 2,015 blue flags from the Cool Gardens 2015 project that ran from July 4 until September 26 in 2015. Each flag had an imprint of a person’s face and a quick description of what “cool” means to them. It was located in the Citizen Garden at The Forks Park.

50 Provencher Blvd, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
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3 Canadian Museum for Human Rights in Winnipeg, Canada

The Canadian Museum for Human Rights is Winnipeg’s newest grand structure. The cornerstone was laid by Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, in 2010 and the opening ceremony was conducted in September, 2014. The mission of this government-owned museum is to present exhibits that help visitors explore and better understand human rights in Canada and across the world. The 330 foot Tower of Hope has an observation platform that provides great views of the city and the river valley.

85 Israel Asper Way, Winnipeg, MB R3C 0L5, Canada
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4 Downtown Skyscrapers in Winnipeg, Canada

Several of Winnipeg’s skyscrapers are clustered downtown. 201 Portage (1990) on the left is the tallest at 420 feet and 33 floors. Next to it is the 220 Portage Avenue (1966), also called the Royal Bank Building. In the middle is the second tallest: the Richardson Building (1969) at 407 feet. Although it looks huge in this photo, the one with the Artis logo is actually in third place with a height of 384. It’s called the 360 Main (1979). On the right is the MTS Place Main (1984), rated eighth at 315 feet.

302 Fort St, Winnipeg, MB R3C 1E5, Canada
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5 Historic Exchange District in Winnipeg, Canada

The core of downtown Winnipeg is referred to as the Exchange District because from 1881 until 1918 it was Canada’s epicenter for trading grain and other commodities. On the left is Bawlf Block. When Nicolas Bawlf opened it in 1882, its earliest tenants included the Winnipeg Grain and Produce Exchange and the Board of Trade. The red building on the right was the city’s second Exchange Building from 1898 until 1908.

146 Princess St, Winnipeg, MB R3B 1K9, Canada
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6 201 Portage Building in Winnipeg, Canada

At a height of 420 feet, the 201 Portage Building is the tallest skyscraper in the downtown Exchange District. Behind its blue glass façade are over a half million square feet of office space on 33 floors. Ironically, before construction started in 1988, the Childs Building had to be demolished. Its twelve floors qualified as the city’s tallest building when it opened in 1909.

201 Portage Ave, Winnipeg, MB R3B, Canada
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7 360 Main Building in Winnipeg, Canada

The third largest skyscraper in Winnipeg has had several names since it was built in 1979. It has been called the Commodity Exchange, Trizec and Artis. However, it is officially named the same as its address in the Exchange District: 360 Main. It is connected to the Winnipeg Square underground retail complex. Above ground the tower has 30 floors and stands 384 feet. Surprising 360 Main has 100,000 more square feet of class A office space than its tallest neighbor the 201 Portage Building.

360 Main St, Winnipeg, MB R3C 3Z3, Canada
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8 Inglis Building in Winnipeg, Canada

This building at 291 Garry Street started as a boxy brick structure in 1908. Then in 1914 the R. J. Inglis Company extensively remodeled it. Despite all of the tenants that have come and gone, its façade is still a gorgeous white terra cotta with an ornately carved frieze and lion heads. It is easy to miss when walking by the non-descript storefront windows. So make sure to look up and appreciate its beauty.

291 Garry St, Winnipeg, MB R3C 1H3, Canada
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9 Electric Railway Chambers Building in Winnipeg, Canada

Today the blocks near the intersection of Portage Avenue and Main Street are the central business district of Winnipeg called the Exchange District. But until the late 1800s, this area was a muddy path leading towards the trading post on the rivers. In the early 20th century, a commercial building boom began that included early “skyscrapers” with a Sullivanesque Chicago Style design. An elegant example is the Electric Railway Chambers Building. The Chambres de Notre Dame was built at 213 Notre Dame Avenue in 1913. Its highly decorative terra cotta façade still glistens in the sun.

213 Notre Dame Ave, Winnipeg, MB R3B 1N3, Canada
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10 Drink Pepsi-Cola Billboard in Winnipeg, Canada

I tried to learn about this vintage Pepsi-Cola advertisement by Fosh Signs but without luck. Based on the soft drink company’s stylized logo, I suspect it was painted on the St. Charles Hotel’s outer wall during the early 1950s, about the same time the hotel was reaching its social peak. Built in 1913, the hotel’s elegant rooms were once favored by actors at the Orpheum Theatre such as the Marx Brothers and Milton Berle. But after the 1950s it began to decline, was closed in 2008 and in 2012 the city declared it a “Derelict Building.” It may soon be demolished and with it would go another Historic Site of Manitoba and this marvelous old sign.

235 Notre Dame Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3B, Canada
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11 Federal Building in Winnipeg, Canada

The Federal Building was constructed at the height of the Great Depression under Canada’s Public Works Construction Act of 1934. At the roofline of the horizontal seventh floor are carved wheat shafts. Architect George Northwood then accented his Art Deco design with an 11 story tower. The government structure was finished in 1935 using local Tyndall stone and unemployed construction workers. It has become a landmark along Main Street in downtown Winnipeg.

269 Main St, Winnipeg, MB R3C 1B2, Canada
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12 Thomas Scott Memorial Orange Hall in Winnipeg, Canada

The Scott Memorial Hall was named in honor of Thomas Scott, an Irish Protestant immigrant who was killed by a firing squad at Upper Fort Garry in 1870 during the Red River Rebellion. His death was ordered by Louis Riel who is credited with founding Manitoba two months later. But in 1885, Riel was tried by a jury of Protestants, found guilty of treason and hung. This lodge was built in 1902 as an Orange Hall, a Protestant fraternal organization from Northern Ireland and Scotland. Today the first level houses an antique store.

216 Princess St, Winnipeg, MB R3B 1L4, Canada
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13 St. Regis Hotel Mural in Winnipeg, Canada

One look at this three-dimensional mural on Smith Avenue called “St. Regis Hotel est. 1911” and it is easy to see why this 5,600 square foot painting was named the Mural of the Year in 2003. It is the work of Charles Johnston. Charlie has won that award four times. He is one of the most prolific and talented muralists in Winnipeg.

285 Smith St, Winnipeg, MB R3C 1K9, Canada
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14 Centennial Concert Hall in Winnipeg, Canada

The Centennial Concert Hall opened in 1968 as the venue for the Manitoba Opera, Royal Winnipeg Ballet and the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra. The latter is extremely active and performs about 75 concerts a year. The hall has also hosted a who’s who of popular musicians and vocalists. Salle de Concerts is part of the Manitoba Centennial Centre. This includes several facilities dedicated to the arts and cultural experiences.

555 Main Street, Winnipeg, MB R3B 1C3, Canada
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15 Manitoba Museum and Planetarium in Winnipeg, Canada

The Manitoba Museum was called the Manitoba Museum of Man and Nature when it was founded in 1965. That name best describes its mission: to trace the province’s history dating back 450 million years to the present. The Manitoba Planetarium in the foreground was built in 1968 and Manitoba’s largest museum in the background was opened two years later during a ceremony conducted by Queen Elizabeth II. Both facilities are part of the Manitoba Centennial Centre in the heart of downtown.

190 Rupert Ave, Winnipeg, MB R3B 0N2, Canada
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16 Chinese Cultural & Community Centre in Winnipeg, Canada

The five-story Dynasty Building houses offices, shops and the Winnipeg Chinese Cultural & Community Centre. Outside you can enjoy a peaceful Chinese garden in the shadow of the Chinatown Arch. Inside are numerous exhibits including a reproduced terracotta warrior from the Qin Dynasty. But more important is their mission. Since 1987, they have served the Chinese community while bridging the knowledge and appreciation among the Chinese and other cultures within Winnipeg.

180 King St, Winnipeg, MB R3B 3G8, Canada
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17 Mandarin Building in Winnipeg, Canada

When this three-story building was constructed in 1883 at the intersection of King Street and James Avenue in downtown, it served as the Winnipeg Police Court and city jail. About 100 years later, during an extensive redevelopment of Chinatown, it was remodeled and reopened in 1987 as the Mandarin Building.

233 James Ave, Winnipeg, MB R3B 3L1, Canada
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18 Civic Awards Mural in Winnipeg, Canada

This policeman on horseback in front of Winnipeg’s old city hall (1886-1962) is part of very long mural called “Civic Awards.” It was painted near the entrance of the Public Safety Building on Princess Street in 2010 by Helena Jaworski. The artwork honors the city’s police and paramedic services. It was sponsored by Take Pride Winnipeg, a non-profit organization that has helped to create hundreds of murals throughout Winnipeg.

151 Princess St, Winnipeg, MB R3B 1L1, Canada
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19 Millennium Public Library in Winnipeg, Canada

Since Winnipeg’s public library system was founded in 1905 it has grown into 20 branches with an annual circulation of over 5.5 million. This handsome glass facility was called the Centennial Library when it opened downtown in 1977. In 2005 it was beautified and expanded during an extensive renovation. Now this main branch, which has nearly 190,000 square feet, is called the Millennium Public Library. In the foreground is the Millennium Library Park. It was opened in 2012.

251 Donald Street, Winnipeg, MB R3C 3P5, Canada
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20 Fort Garry Hotel in Winnipeg, Canada

The Fort Garry Hotel was the luxury hotel in Winnipeg when the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway opened it on Broadway in 1913 just one year after the nearby Union Station was finished. The hotel was the property of choice for rail travelers. It is named after Upper Fort Garry, a Hudson Bay Company trading post that was located next door from 1822 until it was demolished in 1884. The four-star, Château style building has 246 rooms. But you may not want to check into number 202. People say it is haunted.

222 Broadway, Winnipeg, MB R3C 0R3, Canada
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21 Law Courts Building in Winnipeg, Canada

It seems whenever you drive along Broadway, a major downtown street, the Winnipeg Law Courts building is glowing in the sun. Its Beaux Arts design features a prominent copper dome, a dentil cornice and four Ionic columns. Finished in 1916, it was designated as a National Historic Site of Canada in 2009. Two other court houses have been built nearby in the government precinct but they are no architectural match to Palais de Justice de Winnipeg.

411 Broadway, Winnipeg, MB R3C 1T9, Canada
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22 Manitobear Statue in Winnipeg, Canada

In 2005, the CancerCare Manitoba Foundations created an artistic way to celebrate their 75th anniversary, raise funds and decorate the landscape of downtown Winnipeg. The program was called “Bears on Broadway.” 62 of these 8,000 pound, seven foot concrete polar bears were decorated by local artists and sponsored by businesses. This one, which is on the Legislative Building grounds, is called Manitobear. It was painted by Karen and Maureen Johnson and funded by Drs. Babette Cohen and Keith Levin.

450 Broadway, Winnipeg, MB R3C 1S4, Canada
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23 Legislative Building in Winnipeg, Canada

Manitoba became a self-governed province in 1869 and the Legislative Assembly was formed the following year. Today it consists of 57 Members primarily from two parties: the Conservatives and the Democratic Party. The party leader is Premier. Since this Legislative Building opened in 1920 as part of the province’s 50th anniversary, it has been the seat for Manitoba’s government. The elegant façade was constructed with Tyndall stone. Below the copper dome are four allegory statues representing agriculture, art, industry and science.

450 Broadway, Winnipeg, MB R3C 1S4, Canada
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24 Jón Sigurðsson Statue in Winnipeg, Canada

During most of the 19th and first half of the 20th century, Iceland struggled to gain the right of self-governance. One of the leaders of the Icelandic Independence Movement (1841 through 1873) against the Kingdom of Denmark was Jón Sigurðsson. This led to their first constitution in 1874 but they would not become the Republic of Iceland until 1944. This bronze statue by sculptor Einar Jonsson was created in 1921 and stands on the grounds of the Manitoba Legislative Building.

450 Broadway, Winnipeg, MB R3C 1S4, Canada
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25 Government House in Winnipeg, Canada

The head of state in Canada is Queen Elizabeth II. In Manitoba she is represented by the Lieutenant Governor. The Government House, which is located on the 30 acre grounds of the Legislative Building, is owned by Her Majesty in Right of Manitoba and is officially the Queen’s residence when she and other royalty visit Winnipeg. It is also the home for the Lieutenant Governor and used for government receptions and events. This Victorian building was constructed with timber framing in 1883.

10 Kennedy St, Winnipeg, MB R3C 1S4, Canada
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26 Queen Elizabeth II Statue in Winnipeg, Canada

The Queen of Canada is Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. She has also reigned in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and several other countries since 1952. In 2010, she dedicated the Queen Elizabeth II Gardens that is adjacent to the Government House. Part of the ceremony was the unveiling of this statue. The bronze sculpture was created by Leo Mol, a famous and prolific Winnipeg sculptor, after the Queen’s address to the Legislative Assembly in 1970. For the 2010 event, it was moved here from its previous location at the Manitoba Centennial Centre.

10 Kennedy St, Winnipeg, MB R3C 1S4, Canada
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27 Union Station in Winnipeg, Canada

The Warren and Wetmore architect firm who designed the iconic Grand Central Terminal in New York City simultaneously supervised the construction of the Beaux Arts style Union Station in Winnipeg. It officially opened in 1912 and became a National Historic Site of Canada in 1976. This prominent landmark along Main Street spans 350 feet at the terminus of Broadway.

123 Main St, Winnipeg, MB R3C 1A3, Canada
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28 Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral in Winnipeg, Canada

The five onions domes of the Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral are a distinctive architectural feature along Main Street in Winnipeg. The vision for the church began in 1945 and was finally realized when this stunning building was consecrated in 1962. The mosaic of the Holy Trinity surrounded by angels and saints was added in 1988 in celebration of the Millennium of the Ukrainian Orthodoxy.

1175 Main St, Winnipeg, MB R2W 3S4, Canada
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29 Royal Canadian Mint in Winnipeg, Canada

Although the Royal Canadian Mint was opened in 1976, the glass pyramid design by Étienne Gaboury still looks very contemporary and unique among other Winnipeg buildings. This government-owned facility produces all Canadian coins. Monnaie Royale Canadienne also has minted coinage for over 70 countries. At the beginning of your tour, make sure to lift the 99.99% gold bar. It is worth over a half million USD. As you can imagine, it is well guarded.

520 Lagimodière Blvd, Winnipeg, MB R2J 3E7, Canada
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30 Gray Academy of Jewish Education in Winnipeg, Canada

Gray Academy of Jewish Education is a co-educational, K12, college-preparatory school. It began in 1902 as the King Edward School for Jewish immigrants to Winnipeg. Similar schools opened in 1907, 1914, 1944, 1949 and 1950 until all these Talmud Torah branches merged. Further consolidations occurred in 1997 and 2004 to become the Gray Academy. This is their main building on the Asper Jewish Community Campus. It was built in 1905 by the Department of Agriculture for the Manitoba Agricultural College.

123 Doncaster St, Winnipeg, MB R3N 1X7, Canada
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