Virtual Cruise: Western Hemisphere

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Virtual Cruise: Encircle Western Hemisphere

You are about to Encircle the Western Hemisphere on a Virtual Cruise. Your 100 day itinerary starts in Alaska, sails down the Pacific Northwest, along California and to Hawaii. You will visit ports on the coasts of Mexico, Central America and South America. Your journey also includes 19 Caribbean Islands plus 12 U.S. destinations along the Gulf of Mexico and the Eastern Seaboard. Your final stops are in eight Canadian cities. These 100 destinations are a sample from the 375 worldwide travel guides available from Encircle Photos. But first, a mandatory muster drill.

1 Moose Close Up at Alaska Wildlife Conservation Center in Portage, Alaska

Approximately 200,000 moose live in Alaska. This male is in the care of the Alaska Wildlife Conservation Center. The AWCC is a non-profit organization dedicated to the conservation, education and care of wild animals. Their 200 acre refuge, which is about 50 miles south of Anchorage, provides natural habitat for several species of Alaskan wildlife. It also provides visitors with a close up look at these enormous antlers. The Alaska bull moose averages about 1,400 pounds.

Seward Highway & Portage Glacier Rd, Portage, AK 99587

2 Disenchantment Bay Approach to Hubbard Glacier in Alaska

After your ship sails from the Gulf of Alaska through the Yakutat Bay, it slowly advances toward the Hubbard Glacier’s terminus in Disenchantment Bay. The rising sun makes the glacier’s blue facets sparkle like a gemstone. This giant wall of ice is over six miles wide, is as tall as a 40 story building and extends 76 miles to its source: Mount Logan in the Yukon of Canada.

Disenchantment Bay, Alaska

3 Train Turning through Coastal Mountains in Skagway, Alaska

As the WP&YR train chugs along the White Pass Route through the stunning coastal mountains, most tourists elect to enjoy the marvelous views from the comfort of their window seats. Those determined to photograph the excursion jostle for position outside on small platforms between the parlor cars. You know where I was standing for the whole ride.

[59.501612, -135.229328 ]

4 Floating Icebergs at Mendenhall Glacier near Juneau, Alaska

Notice the large icebergs floating in Mendenhall Lake at the base of Mendenhall Glacier. Witnessing them being created is very exciting. The process is called calving. First, there is a loud noise resembling an explosion. The sudden sound can be startling. Then, watch in awe as a massive sheet of ice and rock breaks off and slides down the terminus. As they plunge into the lake, huge waves are created. The chunks are submerged, resurface and spin. When the water settles, the iceberg begins its journey toward the Inside Passage.

Mendenhall Glacier Interpretive Visitor Center, E Glacier Trail, Juneau, AK 99801

5 New Eddystone Rock near Ketchikan, Alaska

New Eddystone Rock is a majestic, 237 foot basalt pillar. It was a volcanic vent five million years ago and then shaped by glaciers. The tree-covered tower stands in the Behm Canal between the Revillagigedo Island in the background and an entrance to the Misty Fjords National Monument. It has been a popular sight for visitors since European navigator George Vancouver documented his discovery in 1793.

New Eddystone Rock, Alaska 99901

6 Downtown Skyline from Sutcliffe Park in Vancouver, Canada

This lovely and quiet lagoon is formed by the southwest end of Granville Island and the Island Park Walk on False Creek’s south bank. The Sutcliffe Park offers a perfect place for a family picnic while enjoying this picturesque view of downtown Vancouver.

1318 Cartwright St Vancouver, BC V6H 3R8, Canada

7 The Empress Hotel and Inner Harbour in Victoria, Canada

Nestled into the Inner Harbour on Canada’s Pacific coast is the charming city of Victoria, the capital of British Columbia. The vine-covered Empress Hotel, which is also called The Fairmont Express, was built in 1908. It greets visitors arriving by boat, seaplane or cruise ship and beckons them for Victorian afternoon tea. Nearby are gorgeous parliament buildings. Most enjoyable is a stroll along the historical streets. Then savor a seafood lunch outdoors. The gulls and pigeons will be happy to share it with you.

721 Government St, Victoria, BC V8W 1W5, Canada

8 Downtown Skyline and Ferris Wheel in Seattle, Washington

Seattle, Washington is the crown of the Pacific Northwest. With a skyline boasting over 200 high-rises – including nearly 30 skyscrapers over 400 feet – you can see why it is nicknamed The Emerald City. A great way to view downtown and Elliott Bay is from the top of the 175 foot Seattle Great Wheel. The Ferris wheel is located at Pier 57 on the Central Waterfront. It was built for the Great Western Pacific Company in 2012 at a cost of about $20 million.

1483 Alaskan Way, Seattle, WA 98101

9 Barefoot in Pacific Ocean next to Haystack Rock at Cannon Beach, Oregon

On Oregon’s Pacific coast is the fascinating Haystack Rock. The giant monolith rises 235 feet from the sands of Cannon Beach. It is accessible from shore during low tide. At high tide, however, be careful: many people have been stranded by fast rising water and had to be rescued. Next to it are two smaller yet impressive rock towers called the Needles. This sandy beach and shallow, warm water are perfect for a barefoot stroll with your best friend.

1766 S Hemlock St, Tolovana Park, OR 97145

10 Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California

The iconic Golden Gate Bridge is unquestionably the most recognizable suspension bridge in the world. Since 1937, most people walked along Crissy Field near Fort Point in Presidio park to get this view. Or they drove, walked or rode a bike across the nearly 9,000 foot length. But in 2012 the Golden Gate Bridge Pavilion opened. It offers a splendid observation area, bike and walking paths plus educational exhibits.

Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, CA 94129

11 City Center and Ronald V. Dellums Towers in Oakland, California

This waterfall is cascading through City Center in the core of downtown Oakland. The 12 block complex contains a shopping mall, a hotel and several office buildings. In the background are the twin towers of the Ronald V. Dellums Federal Building which houses a district court, the IRS and the U.S. Post Office.

13th St & Broadway, Oakland, CA 94612

12 The Lone Cypress at Sunset on 17-Mile Drive in Pebble Beach, California

The Lone Cypress on the 17-Mile Drive is not only a landmark but also the logo for nearby Pebble Beach Golf Links. For about 250 years, this single Monterey cypress has been perched on this granite promontory with a commanding view of the Pacific Ocean.

3220 17 Mile Dr, Pebble Beach, CA 93953

13 Scenery along Stagecoach Road North of Santa Barbara, California

From 1861 until 1910, the Stagecoach Route was the only means for horses and covered wagons to travel across the San Marcos Pass. Now called Stagecoach Road, this history is preserved for five miles of twists and turns. Along the way, you are treated to colorful views of California chaparral vegetation, forests, scrub brush and painted hills.

Stagecoach Rd, Santa Barbara, CA 93105

14 Walt Disney and Mickey Mouse Partners Statue at Disneyland in Anaheim, California

On November 18, 1993, “Partners” was installed in front of the Sleeping Beauty Castle on Main Street U.S.A. at Disneyland in Anaheim, California. The statue celebrated Mickey Mouse’s 65th birthday. It shows a larger-than-life Walt Disney as he looked in 1954 holding hands with a three-foot Mickey. Blaine Gibson created it, along with most of the other iconic sculptures at the park. A similar version of “Partners” was added to Walt Disney World in 1995.

Partners Statue, Main Street U.S.A., Anaheim, CA 92802

15 Skyline from Coronado Island of San Diego, California

Across from San Diego, California, is Coronado Island. It technically is a peninsula. The locals, who pay a high price for their homes, call it The Strand. Visitors call its beaches beautiful. At Coronado Ferry Landing is an impressive view of the San Diego Bay and the downtown skyline.

1201 1st St, Coronado, CA 92118

16 Kīlauea Point near Kīlauea on Kaua’i, Hawaii

Waves pound, crash and swirl against Kīlauea Point, a peninsula on the northern coast of Kaua’i in Hawaii. This steep, rocky bluff is a haven for huge colonies of migratory seabirds including the Hawaiian goose and albatross. The Kīlauea Point National Wildlife Refuge also has an active plant management program to protect endangered species of native vegetation.

3716 Kilauea Rd, Kilauea, HI 96754

17 ‘Iolani Palace in Honolulu, O’ahu, Hawaii

‘Iolani Palace in Honolulu is the only former royal residence in the United States. It also has the distinction of being the only building with an American Florentine design. The palace was built in 1882 for David Kalākaua. He was the last king of the Hawaiian Islands until his death in 1891. Queen Lili’uokalani also ruled the Hawaiian Kingdom from here after her brother’s death. Two years later, she was dethroned and imprisoned in the palace. The monarchy officially ended in January of 1895. Since 1978, ‘Iolani Palace has been a museum.

364 S King St, Honolulu, HI 96813

18 Surfers in Honolua Bay near Kapalua on Maui, Hawaii

If you follow Route 30 until it ends above Honolua Bay, you’ll discover a favorite remote spot among surfers. The best view of all the action is from the top of a cliff called Lipoa Point. If you are an experienced surfer, this is where you want to climb into your wetsuit, climb down a dirt path to the water and then climb onto your board. You are about to have a lot of fun.

6501 Honoapiilani Hwy, Lahaina, HI 96761

19 Ho’okipa Lookout Scenic View along Hāna Highway, Maui, Hawaii

Spend an unforgettable day driving along Highways 36 and 360 in northern Maui, better known as “The Road to Hāna.” The distance from Kahului to Hāna is just over 50 miles. That may not sound far. But plan for more than three hours to travel one way because the winding road has over 600 curves. Along the way, you will see spectacular scenery like this at Hookipa Lookout. This seascape is located at mile marker 9.

Hookipa Park & Hana Hwy, Haiku, HI 96708

20 Kamakahonu Beach in Kailua-Kona, Island of Hawaii, Hawaii

As cruise ship passengers disembark onto the Big Island at the Kailua Pier, their first view is often Kamakahonu Beach. This means Eye of the Turtle. Its calm waters have earned it the nickname Children’s Beach. Besides being beautiful, it is also historical. This is where King Kamehameha died in 1819. Nine years earlier, Kamehameha the Great became the first monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii. On the other side of this finger of land is Kailua Bay.

Kailua Pier, Kailua-Kona, HI 96740

21 Lookout over Waipi’o Valley near Honokaa, Island of Hawaii, Hawaii

This spectacular scene is along the Hāmākua Coast on the northeastern part of the Big Island of Hawaii. It is a short distance from the village of Honoka’a. From the Waipi’o Valley Lookout, you will admire a beautiful vista 2,000 feet below. This was the home of Hawaiian kings such as Kamehameha I. The sacred area is called, “The Valley of the Kings.” Thousands of residents enjoyed this lush, fertile canyon with gorgeous waterfalls until a major tsunami struck in 1946. Now, less than 100 inhabitants remain. If you want a closer look, there is a one-mile road down to the black sand shore. Be forewarned. Locals claim it has the steepest grade of any road in the United States.

48 Kukuihaele Rd, Honokaa, HI 96727

22 El Arco at Land’s End in Cabo San Lucas, Mexico

The Pacific Ocean meets the Sea of Cortez at the tip of Mexico’s Baja California Peninsula. At this junction is the impressive El Arco. The Arch is one of several mammoth rock formations at the Land’s End. El Finisterra (in Spanish) is an appropriate name because the next geography directly south is Antarctica. So, get a boat or water taxi from the nearby marina, watch the passing dolphins during the short trip and then take the hint from the sunning sea lions by enhancing your tan on Playa del Amour (Lover’s Beach).

Ave Solmar #1A Col Centro, Marina, 23450 Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, Mexico

23 Old Woman Praying in Church in Mazatlán, Mexico

The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Mazatlán, Mexico is an ornately decorated Catholic Basilica. An old woman dressed in white chose a small side chapel to approach a statue of a saint. During her silent prayer, she was bathed in sunlight as if being blessed by God.

21 de Marzo & Calle Benito Juárez, Centro, 82000 Mazatlán, Sin., Mexico

24 La Parroquia de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Church in La Crucecita, Mexico

La Crucecita is a small, Mexican community that houses many workers serving the nearby resort town of Huatulco and its 36 beaches. Overlooking the main square is La Parroquia de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Church. Inside is a 65 foot painting of the Virgin of Guadalupe. Also called Our Lady of Guadalupe, it recounts the story of the Virgin Mary appearing to a peasant named Juan Diego on Tepeyac hill in Mexico in 1531. He was declared a saint in 2002.

Calle Gardenia & Flamboyán H, 70987 Crucecita, Oax., Mexico

25 San Francisco el Grande Church in Antigua, Guatemala

Antigua was once the glamorous capital of Guatemala before two devastating earthquakes in the 1700s left it mostly abandoned. Now the ruins are a tourist attraction. Within eight-by-eight blocks, a visitor can walk along the narrow, cobblestone streets to see the remains of former churches, arches and plazas plus convents and monasteries. A stunning example is the San Francisco Church with its twisted columns, religious statues and bell towers. This Spanish-American Baroque monastery was built in 1702 and destroyed in 1773.

San Francisco el Grande, Calle de los Pasos 6, Antigua Guatemala, Guatemala

26 Surfing at Sunset on Playa Tamarindo, Costa Rica

Located in the northern Pacific coast of Costa Rica, Tamarindo is a small town that is a haven for surfers. It also attracts tourists who love to zipline, sun, fish, snorkel and body surf. Before dusk, you should order your favorite libation on the beach and then enjoy the gorgeous sunsets. Even the monkeys from the local forest converge on trees to watch the spectacular colors.

Calle Cruz, Provincia de Guanacaste, Tamarindo, Costa Rica

27 Cathedral of Quito at Plaza Grande in Quito, Ecuador

Since 1567, the commanding visual of Ecuador’s capital city has been the Metropolitan Cathedral of Quito. This exquisite blend of Gothic, Baroque, Neoclassical and Mudéjar styles is encircled with statues of saints and angels and features three green ceramic domes. This entrance facing Plaza de la Independencia is called the Arch of Carondelet. The single white bell tower is ornate and elegant. In 1995, this Roman Catholic church was proclaimed to be the Cathedral of Ecuador.

Chile & Venezuela Streets, Quito 170401, Ecuador

28 Old Ecuadorian Woman in El Chorrillo, Ecuador

The origin of the white, straw and brimmed Panama hat is actually Ecuadorian. The streets of Montecristi and El Chorrillo are lined with closet-sized factories where they bleach the toquilla palm leaves, strip them into threads and then weave the hats with a loom or by hand. This woman was the matriarch of one family business. While caring for the grandchildren, she greeted the shoppers and placed a hat on any man who came within arm’s reach.

Calle 2, Montecristi, Ecuador

29 Sea Lion at Darwin Bay on Genovesa Island in Galápagos, Ecuador

When expedition cruise ships arrive at Isla Genovesa, sea lions are among the first to greet the curious as they disembark from their Zodiac and begin exploring the white coral beach at Darwin Bay. This large male Galápagos sea lion – they can weigh up to 800 pounds – was accustomed to being the dominate bull. Yet because males cannot eat while territorial, they become weak within a few months. So, this sea lion is resting until he can reclaim superiority over his colony on another day.

Great Darwin Bay, Genovesa Island, Galápagos, Ecuador

30 Two Male Magnificent Frigatebirds on North Seymour in Galápagos, EC

During mating season – from August through October – male magnificent frigatebirds behave like fraternity boys on a weekend. They perch together in groups while scanning the sky for passing females. Then they create a ruckus by flapping their wings, shaking their heads, chattering loudly and inflating their crimson red gular pouches. Out of this rowdy bunch, the female selects a suitable mate. This leaves the other boys crossing their feathers to be equally lucky.

North Seymour Island, Ecuador

31 Incredible Scenery of Rábida Island in Galápagos, EC

You will be awed by the landscape after your wet landing at the northeast side of Rábida Island. You may be so engrossed by the forest of white trees encircling the reds, oranges, pinks and greens that you might not notice the sea lions sleeping on the maroon beach. Some people call this “moon on earth.” Another nickname is the Red Island. This travel guide shows some highlights of your 60 to 90 minute hike. The .7 mile trail is easy. The experience is unforgettable.

Rábida Island, Ecuador

32 Blue-footed Booby on Eggs at Punta Suárez on Española Island in Galápagos, EC

Along the eastern coastline of Punta Suárez are colonies of blue-footed boobies. With a wingspan averaging five feet, they are the second largest booby endemic to the Galápagos. The mating season of these monogamous seabirds peaks between June and August. The female typically lays two eggs on the ground about five days apart. The parents take turns incubating the eggs with their bright blue feet for about 45 days. Then the chicks are protected and fed for about two months. There are more than 25,000 breeding pairs of blue-footed boobies living in the Galápagos Islands.

Punta Suárez, Española Island, Ecuador

33 Introduction to Malecón 2000 in Guayaquil, Ecuador

What began as the La Orilla Pier along the Guayas River in 1820 evolved into a 1.5 mile boardwalk by the mid-19th century. This esplanade defining Guayaquil’s eastern boundary has had three names since. First the Promenade of Foreign Countries and then Malecón Simón Bolivar. At the end of the century, the city committed to an impressive revitalization. This riverside collection of parks, statues, museums, entertainment, shopping, restaurants and attractions is called Malecón 2000. Begin your adventure aboard one of the 36 cabins of La Perla. At 187 feet, this has been South America’s largest Ferris wheel since 2016.

Malecón Simón Bolivar & Dr Julian Coronel Oyarvide, Guayaquil 090313, Ecuador

34 Changing of the Guard at Government Palace in Lima, Peru

Stand in Plaza Mayor in Lima and you are at the 1535 birthplace of this capital city. On each corner is a reflection of Peruvian history including a cathedral and four palaces. One of them is the Government Palace. Palacio de Gobierno houses the executive branch and the president’s residence. Dragoon Guards protect this French Baroque building inside and outside the wrought iron fence. The changing of the guard ceremony, accompanied by a band, occurs daily at noon.

Jirón Junín & Jirón Carabaya, Cercado de Lima 15001, Peru

35 El Morro de Arica in Arica, Chile

Arica’s most prominent landmark is this cliff called El Morro. The 427 foot “Nose of Arica” faces the Pacific Ocean. The summit is reached by a pedestrian walkway starting at Colón Street. El Morro was declared a National Monument in 1971. The mount was the last Peruvian stronghold against the Chilean army during the Battle of Morro de Arica in 1880. Learn more about this historic event at the Museo Históricode Armas, a military museum on top of the scarp. You will also see a giant Chilean flag, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, the Cristo de la Paz statue, the harbor in the Pacific Ocean and a panoramic view of the city.

Carlos Condell 98 Arica, Región de Arica y Parinacota, Chile

36 City Surrounding Seaport in Valparaíso, Chile

Valparaíso was a quiet fishing village until Chile became independent from Spanish rule. Then, the Chilean Navy established its headquarters, academy and port here in the early 19th century. Within decades it grew into a major commercial seaport. Although nearby San Antonio is now Chile’s largest port, the Greater Valparaíso metropolitan area has become the country’s second largest city with a population of over 900,000 people.

Bahía de Valparaíso, Región de Valparaíso, Chile

37 Metropolitan Cathedral’s Central Nave in Santiago, Chile

Santiago’s first cathedral located on Plaza de Armas dates back to 1561. The current Catedral Metropolitana de Santiago is the fifth iteration. Bavarian Jesuits commissioned Antonio Acuña to begin construction in 1745. Several other architects influenced its design before the Metropolitan Cathedral was finished in 1830. The Baroque interior has domes with stained glass windows and an ornate molded ceiling graced with frescos. Surrounding the central nave are columned arches. Each supports a chandelier and is flanked by religious statues of prophets and the Apostles. In front of the wooden pews is a German-made marble altar built in 1912. It features a sculpture of the Ascension of the Virgin Mary. The cathedral was named a National Monument in 1951.

Plaza de Armas 951, Santiago, Región Metropolitana, Chile

38 Osorno Volcano and Lake Llanquihue in Frutillar, Chile

These people standing on a long wooden pier (Muelle Frutillar) are enjoying a gorgeous scene. In the foreground is Lake Llanquihue. At 330 square miles, this glacier-formed lake is Chile’s second biggest. The snowcapped mountain in the background is Volcán Osorno. This still active volcano has an elevation over 8,700 feet. It is part of the Southern Andes range.

Avenida Philippi & Jorge Montt, Frutillar, X Región, Chile

39 Penguin Colony at Penguin Reserve on Magdalena Island, Chile

Imagine seeing thousands of penguins on a small island that is only about 210 acres! From Punta Arenas, Chile, you take an excursion boat for about 20 miles through the Straits of Magellan before arriving at Magdalena Island. It is uninhabited … unless you are counting the 120,000 Magellanic penguins. You can walk among them as they waddle along, poke out of burrows, care for their chicks and gather in social circles. What an amazing neighborhood!

Magdalena Island, Magallanes y la Antártica, Chilena Region, Chile

40 Gentoo Penguin Colony at Bertha’s Beach in Falkland Islands

The Falkland Islands are a British overseas territory in the South Atlantic Ocean. The archipelago hosts colonies of Gentoo penguins. You will be fascinated watching these penguins waddle along the coast on their webbed feet with their tails sticking out. Other residents include the stately king penguins. Dress warmly when visiting Bertha’s Beach. The temperature is usually cold and the wind blows relentlessly.

Bertha's Beach, FIQQ 1ZZ, Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

41 Palace of Argentine Congress in Balvanera, Buenos Aires, Argentina

The centerpiece of Congressional Plaza is an elaborate water fountain graced with bronze sculptures by artist Jules Lagae. In the center is the Allegory of the Republic. Called the Monument of the Two Congresses, these sculptures celebrate the centennial anniversary of two assemblies. Together they achieved Argentina’s independence from the Spaniards in 1816. This gorgeous park is one of three squares in front of the Palace of the Argentine National Congress. A green, 260 foot dome crowns the white marble façade. The Neoclassical design by architect Vittorio Meano was finished in 1906. The palace is a National Historic Landmark.

Av. Rivadavia 1864, C1033AAV, CABA, Argentina

42 Boys Sitting on La Mano, The Hand, on Brava Beach in Punta del Este, Uruguay

A large percent of the 9,000 people living in Punta del Este, Uruguay serve wealthy tourists. The visitors flock to this quaint resort town for the nightlife and beaches. Brava Beach is very popular for sunning and swimming. In the center is this monument to the drowned. La Mano, or The Hand, consists of five giant fingers protruding from the sand. The concrete sculpture by Mario Irarrázabal has become a local landmark since the dramatic artwork was erected in 1982.

Brava Beach, Punta del Este, Uruguay

43 Fortress of Santo Amaro of Barra Grande in Santos, Brazil

From Ponta da Praia Beach is a specular perspective from across the estuary of Fortress of Santo Amaro of Barra Grande. Barra Grande Fortress was initially built in 1584 to protect the port from attacks by privateers. It was expanded and equipped with new arms several times during the 18th and 19th centuries. The property was also used as a political prison. A boat tour is the best way to reach this historic site. The concrete column is the Marco Padrão de Santos Monument. This marks where Portuguese explorer Martim Afonso de Sousa landed in 1532.

R. Messías Borges - Santa Cruz dos Navegantes, Guarujá - SP, 11425-110, Brazil

44 Boardwalk View in Ilhabela, Brazil

The city of Ilhabela has a population of about 33,00 people. They are spread out for miles along the island’s west coast. Your ferry or tender will dock in the Historic Center (Centro Histórico). The locals call it Vila meaning Village. The waterfront street named Rua Dr. Carvalho is gorgeous. Especially picturesque is the boardwalk beginning at Praça das Bandeiras (Flags Square).

R. Dr. Carvalho, 10 - Centro, Ilhabela - SP, 11630-000, Brazil

45 Panoramic View from Sugarloaf Mountain in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

You have arrived at the summit of Sugarloaf Mountain. Wow! Words fail to describe the panoramic beauty. Within your 360° view are Morro da Urca (center), Vermelha Beach (near left), Copacabana Beach facing the Atlantic Ocean (far left) and Guanabara Bay (right) … all encircling Brazil’s prettiest city. No wonder so much of what you see – including where you are standing – has been praised by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. You are now one of the 37 million visitors since 1912 who will remember this day for a lifetime.

Pão de Açucar - Urca, Rio de Janeiro - State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

46 Sea Turtle along Fishermen’s Pier in Búzios, Brazil

As fishermen fillet their catch on Fishermen’s Pier (Píer dos Pescadores), they throw the scraps into the water. Within seconds, several beautiful loggerhead sea turtles emerge from the depths to scarf up the free meal. As an adult, this vulnerable marine reptile weighs about 300 pounds yet glides effortlessly in the water. They nest nearby in Praia da Tartaruga. This is Portuguese for Turtle Beach.

Av. José Bento Ribeiro Dantas, 294 - Village de Búzios, Búzios - RJ, 28950-000, Brazil

47 Rose Window inside Metropolitan Cathedral in Fortaleza, Brazil

A classic feature of Gothic architecture for cathedrals is a large rose window filled with intricate and colorful stained glass. Architect George Maunier did a masterful job of creating a beautiful example inside St. Joseph’s Cathedral in Fortaleza, Brazil. In the center is the image of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Notice the heart is pierced by swords. These represent the Seven Sorrows (or Dolors) of Mary. Surrounding her are equally gorgeous images of angels.

Praça da Sé, s/n - Centro, Fortaleza - CE, 60055-150, Brazil

48 Water Lilies in Boca da Valeria, Brazil

Victoria amazonica is a visual high point of the Amazon River. This is the world’s largest water lily. The huge circular leaves can span ten feet. Below the waterline is a submerged stalk reaching 23 to 26 feet long. The blooming of the lily is a fleeting, 48 hour event. On the first day, the flower is white and female. Their scent attracts beetles for pollination. After closing for the evening, it reopens the next morning as a pink bloom that is male. When the fertilization is done during the day, the flower closes, wilts and sinks below the water.

Amazon & Valeria Rivers, State of Amazonas, Brazil

49 Opening of the Ports Monument in Manaus, Brazil

In the center of Praça São Sebastião (Saint Sebastian Square) is the Opening of the Ports Monument. As the name suggests, Monumento à Abertura dos Portos was erected to celebrate the start of foreign trade in Manaus in 1866. At the base of this granite and Carrara marble commemoration are four ship prows. They represent Europe, Asia, America and Africa. On top is Mercury, the Roman god of commerce and financial gain. In the background is Teatro Amazonas. The dome above the opera house is decorated with 36,000 ceramic titles portraying the colors of Brazil’s flag.

Praça São Sebastião, Rua 10 de Julho - Centro, Manaus - AM, 69010-060, Brazil

50 Caribbean Paradise at Grand Anse Beach in St. George’s, Grenada

For many vacationers, there is one main reason to visit a Caribbean island: a flawless, sun-kissed beach. Grand Anse Beach is the perfect prescription for your wintertime blues. Relax under a wonderful blue sky with a few puffy clouds while the gentle warm surf of the Caribbean Sea washes into Grand Anse Bay. Yes, there are several resorts facing the pristine white sand. But there are far fewer people than you would expect on the island’s top-rated beach. Many claim Grand Anse Beach is also one of the best in the Caribbean. Additional good news for day trippers. This tropical paradise is only about six miles from the cruise port terminal. So, you will never lose sight of your ship.

Grand Anse Beach, Grand Anse Main Rd, The Lime, Grenada

51 Close Up of Flamingo Feeding North of Kralendijk, Bonaire

The Caribbean flamingo is technically known as the Phoenicopterus ruber. This means crimson winged and red. They are the largest flamingo species reaching 55 inches and 6.5 pounds. In the wild they can live up to 50 years. While walking slowly along the shallow salt flats, they use their S-shaped neck to reach food. After scooping up a morsel, water strains from their angled beak. Their feathers are not naturally pink. This color comes from the carotenoid pigments they consume from their diet of brine shrimp and other crustaceans.

Kaminda Goto Rincon, Caribbean Netherlands

52 Introduction to Capital City of Willemstad, Curaçao

The initial inhabitants were the Caiquetío, an Arawak Indian tribe. Soon after the Spanish arrived in 1499, they named it Curaçao because they believed the island “cured” sailors of scurvy. The Dutch conquered it in 1634. Today, Willemstad has a population of about 150,000 people. It is the capital of this constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The entire city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the foreground is a late 18th century cast-iron cannon. The 24 pounder next to the Queen Emma Bridge points across St. Anna Bay towards Otrobanda.

Kon. Emmabrug, Willemstad, Curaçao

53 Iconic Divi-divi Tree at Eagle Beach near Oranjestad, Aruba

When you Google Aruba, you will immediately see numerous photos of this twisted, windswept tree. The locals call it divi-divi, the Arawak name is watapana, the scientific classification is caesalpinia coriaria and the island considers it their national tree. This iconic symbol of Aruba is bent towards the Caribbean Sea along the beautiful Eagle Beach. Don’t miss it!

Divi Tree, Eagle Beach, Aruba

54 Outer Wall of Castillo San Felipe de Barajas in Cartagena, Colombia

Cartagena’s landmark fort was first built on the Hill of San Lázaro during the early 16th century. When the citadel was significantly expanded in 1657, it was named in honor of Felipe IV. He was the king of Spain from 1621 until 1665. The Castillo has the distinction of being the largest military fortification ever built within the Spanish colonies. It is easy to see how these massive walls repelled an attack by over 23,500 British soldiers in 1741. The Castillo San Felipe de Barajas was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984.

Cra. 17 #30-35, Cartagena, Bolívar, Colombia

55 Cityscape of Urban Center in Panama City, Panama

The modern buildings along the waterfront – stretching from Bella Vista to the Punta Pacifica neighborhoods – are very impressive. Most of the city’s 400 plus high-rises are condos for its nearly 900,000 residents. There are currently about 50 skyscrapers above 500 feet. The majority have been built since 2000 and more are planned. The bridge in the foreground is part of the Cinta Costera. This Coastal Beltway, which was built in 2009, loops around the Old Quarter. The historic architecture in Casco Antiguo (where this photo was taken) is in sharp contrast to the towers of glass across Bahía de Panamá.

Av. Eloy Alfaro & Calle 4a Este, Panamá, Panama

56 Three-toed Sloth Clutching Tree in Limón, Costa Rica

The three-toed sloth is the perfect animal to photograph in the wild: they don’t move fast and they are always smiling. For a chance to see a Bradypus variegatus in the forest, walk the trails at either the Refugio Gandoca Manzanillo or Parque Nacional Cahuita. Both parks are south of Limón. You might also spot this brown-throated sloth hanging from trees during a boat ride along the Tortuguero Canal north of the city. For a guaranteed close up, visit the Jaguar Rescue Center near Puerto Viejo or the Sloth Sanctuary close to Cahuita.

Canal del Tortuguero, Limón Province, Costa Rica

57 Gazebo at Botanical Gardens in Kingstown, Saint Vincent

The Botanical Gardens are one of Saint Vincent’s most popular attractions. Tourists and locals alike meander along the paths crisscrossing the 20 acre property. They savor the manicured landscape filled with plants, trees and shrubs mixed with serenity. Founded in 1765, this is among the oldest public botanical gardens in the Western Hemisphere. Founders Robert Melville (British Caribbean Islands governor) and George Young (a military surgeon) collected plants from across the Caribbean and as far away as China. Even Vice-Admiral William Bligh was helping by collecting breadfruit in 1789 when his crew staged a mutiny on the HMS Bounty. Also contained within the Botanical Gardens is the Nicholas Wildlife Aviary Complex. Their mission includes a breeding program for the Saint Vincent parrot, the country’s national bird.

Botanical Gardens, New Montrose, St. Vincent & Grenadines

58 Legend of Village Name at Bathsheba, Barbados

According to legend, the wife of King David pampered herself with milk baths in order to keep her skin soft and beautiful. The Atlantic Ocean creates similar warm, frothy pools in the rocks along the east coast of Barbados. Some people also claim the water contains minerals that provide cosmetic and medicinal benefits. As a result, this small fishing village in Saint Joseph Parish was given the queen’s name: Bathsheba.

Bathsheba Park BB21054, Barbados

59 Pigeon Island National Park at Gros Islet, Saint Lucia

If you want some historic adventure after swimming, sunning and sleeping at Pigeon Island Beach, then go explore the 44 acre national park on the horizon. This island was the home for the Arawaks and then the Caribs before becoming a lookout point for François le Clerc. Jambe de Bois was a 16th century French pirate. He was the first buccaneer known to have a wooden leg. This earned him the nickname Pie de Palo (Peg Leg). On the top left are the ruins of Fort Rodney. Learn the history of this 18th century fortress at the Interpretation Centre housed in an 1803 British officers’ mess.

Pigeon Island National Park, Gros Islet, St. Lucia

60 Royal Poinciana on Island of Flowers at Le Marin, Martinique

Martinique is known as “Île aux Fleurs” meaning the “Island of Flowers.” Every spring you can see a kaleidoscope of blooming colors that justify this nickname. One example is the bright red petals of the royal poinciana growing along the roadside. Also called the flamboyant, this tropical wildflower makes a perfect picture frame for the sailboats moored in Cul-du-Sac du Marin.

Marina du Marin, Boulevard Allegre, Le Marin, Martinique

61 Elevated View of English and Falmouth Harbours in English Harbour, Antigua

From the Battery platform, better known as The Lookout, at the former British fort Shirley Heights is this magnificent view of the southernmost point of Antigua. In the foreground is Fort Tyler at the end of the small peninsula stretching into English Harbour. On the right is Falmouth Harbour. In the background are Sugar Loaf (1,042 feet) and Signal Hill (1,207 feet).

Shirley Heights, The Battery, Antigua and Barbuda

62 Elevated View of Southeast Peninsula, Saint Kitts

Okay, ready to start basking in the tropical sunshine? Then head toward the Southeast Peninsula, seen here from Timothy Hill Overlook. There is plenty of pristine sand along this narrow peninsula both on the rough Atlantic Ocean (left) and the calm Caribbean Sea (right). If you look at a map of Saint Kitts & Nevis, the country looks like an exclamation point. The oval-shaped Nevis is only 36 square miles and separated from its sibling by a two-mile wide channel called The Narrows.

Timothy Hill Overlook, Southeast Peninsula, St. Kitts & Nevis

63 Le Galion Beach and Baie de L’Embouchure in Saint-Martin

The last cove to show you on the French side is Baie de L’Embouchure and Le Galion Beach. They are best observed from Rotary Lookout Point along Rue de Coralita. Just offshore is Caye Château. This uninhabited isle is accessible by taking a short stroll through the balmy water. Directly to the south is Baie Lucas and Coralita Beach. So many beaches … 36 in all … and so little time. Return soon for a longer vacation at St. Martin/St. Maarten.

Rotary Lookout Point, Rue de Coralita, Guadeloupe, St Martin

64 Fort Christiansvaern in Christiansted, Saint Croix

The Danes built Fort Christiansvaern from 1738 through 1749. Their goal was to protect the harbor and their fledgling settlement against potential attacks from the British, French, privateers and slaves. The cannons never fired a shot in battle. Fort Christiansvaern (Christian’s Defense) remains unchanged from colonial times except for an expansion from 1835 to 1841. After 1878, the fort was repurposed several times as a courthouse, prison and police headquarters. Today, it is a popular tourist attraction.

Hospital & Company Streets, Christiansted, St Croix 00820, USVI

65 Elevated View of Harbor and Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas

In the foreground is Charlotte Amalie, the capital city of the U.S. Virgin Islands and the only town in St. Thomas. It has a population of about 18,000 people. On the left is the Havensight Port where most of the cruise ships dock. The archipelago in the harbor includes the Hassel and Water Islands. The former is uninhabited and the latter has less than 200 residents. All of the wonderful blue water is the Caribbean Sea. This view is available from the Skyline Drive Overlook.

Valdemar A. Hill, Sr. Drive Scenic Overlook 00802, St Thomas 00802, USVI

66 Paseo del Morro in San Juan, Puerto Rico

The end of Paseo de la Princesa marks the transition to Paseo del Morro. This National Recreation Trail begins below La Fortaleza. The mid-16th century fortress still serves as the executive mansion for the governor of Puerto Rico. The walking path follows the bay at the base of the city walls. These three miles of masonry are called La Muralla. Some sections measure 20 feet thick and 40 feet tall. The defenses were constructed from 1634 until 1782. This sentry post is next to the San Juan Gate. La Puerta de San Juan was built in 1634, making it the oldest of the original five gates (puertas) into Old San Juan. It was also the formal entrance. Countless Spanish dignitaries arrived here starting in 1540.

Puerta De San Juan, Paseo del Morro, San Juan, 00901, Puerto Rico

67 Castillo Serrallés in Ponce, Puerto Rico

Juan Serrallés Colón was born in Ponce in 1845 and became the city’s most successful businessman, largest employer and generous philanthropist. In 1861, he founded the Hacienda Mercedita sugar plantation. Four years later, he began distilling rum. This evolved into Destilería Serrallés, the producer of the popular Don Q rum brand named after Don Quixote. In 1930, his son, Juan Eugenio Serrallés, commissioned architect Pedro Adolfo de Castro to build this lavish, Spanish Moroccan mansion on 2.5 acres atop El Vigia Hill. The Serralles Castle is now a museum. One look at this elegant terrace overlooking Ponce makes it easy to see why this is a popular wedding venue.

Sector El Vigia, Paseo De La Cruceta, Ponce, 00730, Puerto Rico

68 Bávaro Beach in Punta Cana, Dominican Republic

Okay, it is time to convert your winter daydreams into tropical reality. Punta Cana has eight beaches. You have just arrived at Playa Bávaro. This is the best beach in La Altagracia Province and among the finest on the island. Endless white sand. Gentle waves rolling over a coral reef. Transparent balmy water. Coconut palms waving in the breeze. Sure, there is occasional seaweed. But the hotels are constantly grooming Bávaro Beach. No wonder this area is highly developed with resorts, shops, restaurants, water activities plus two water parks. They will not deter your joy during your long stroll. How long? From end-to-end, Bávaro Beach stretches for over six miles. For a public access, follow Calle Chicago ending at Meliá Caribe Tropical.

Playa Bávaro, Calle Chicago, Punta Cana 23301, Dominican Republic

69 Alcázar de Colón at Spain Plaza in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

In 1509, Nicolás de Ovando was removed as governor of the Indies and replaced with Diego Colón, the son of Christopher Columbus. Accompanying him was his wife, María de Toledo. She was the cousin of King Ferdinand II of Spain and the highest-ranking noblewoman in the Americas. Within a year, Diego Columbus commissioned an elaborate, 55 room residence. The project required the labor of 1,500 Taíno people. By 1514, the first palace of the New World was finished. This became the social epicenter of Santo Domingo, welcoming a long list of Spanish conquistadors and dignitaries. Descendants of Columbus lived here until 1577. Alcázar de Colón is the historical highlight at Spain Plaza (Plaza de España). Inside is the most visited museum in Santo Domingo. You can tour 22 restored rooms with colonial period furniture, including the couple’s bedrooms. The walls are covered with medieval and Renaissance artwork plus tapestries. The Museo Alcázar de Diego Colón is a must-see attraction.

Plaza de España, Calle La Atarazana, Santo Domingo 10212, Dominican Republic

70 Calcified Coral Shoreline in Bodden Town, Grand Cayman

Seeing calcified coral along the coastline like at Breakers Point makes a scuba diver’s fins flap with excitement. It means a beautiful reef is just offshore. This one extends to the Wreck of the Ten Sails in the East End. Other excellent shallow dive sites are along the South Sound and also parallel to the Seven Mile Beach in the West Bay. There are about 250 snorkeling and scuba diving sites encircling the island; most begin about 30 yards from shore. It is amazing to watch marine life like snapper, barracuda, angelfish and turtles swim amongst the 200 species of coral.

2114 Bodden Town Rd, Cayman Islands

71 Man Sitting under Palm Tree for a Perfect Afternoon at Costa Maya, Mexico

The prescription for a perfect afternoon: sit on a gorgeous beach in a lounge chair under a palm tree while staring at the ocean waves with a cold beverage at your side. There are no known harmful side effects except occasional sunburn. So, repeat as necessary. Fill the prescription at Costa Maya, Mexico, or the tropical getaway of your choice.

Cruise Port, Costa Maya, 77940 Q.R., Mexico

72 Lighthouse and Signpost at Punta Sur near San Miguel, Cozumel, Mexico

Faro de Celarain is located on the Punta Sur Promontory. The 85 foot lighthouse was built in 1934 to help ships navigate the reefs along the southernmost tip of Cozumel. The 1908 keeper’s house is now a small nautical museum. Climbing the 133 steps provides a panoramic view of Punta Sur Park and the Caribbean Sea. It is easy to find. Just triangulate the distances shown on this way signpost.

Museo De Navegacion San Miguel de Cozumel, Q.R., Mexico

73 Welcome to Playa del Carmen, Mexico

Welcome to Playa del Carmen in the heart of Riviera Maya located midway between Cancun and Tulum. The population of 150,000 qualifies as the second largest city (ciudad) in Quintana Roo. The tourist district is very compact and consists of two marvelous features stretching for about three miles. One is Avenida 5. This is a pedestrian walkway filled with shopping and entertainment. The second is sand, sand and more sand facing the aquamarine waters of the Caribbean Sea.

Muelle Playa del Carmen, Centro, 77710 Playa del Carmen, QROO, Mexico

74 El Castillo Close Up at Mayan Ruins in Tulum, Mexico

El Castillo controls a commanding position within Tulum. This massive staircase faces west toward the central square of the ancient Mayan civilization. Religious ceremonies were held on the platform at the base of the temple’s columned entrance. The eastern side hugs a 40 foot limestone cliff along the shore of the Caribbean Sea. Historians believe two fires were lit from the top of the 40 foot pyramid. The beacons helped canoers navigate the dangerous reefs at night. This is why The Castle is often called The Lighthouse.

Carretera federal 307 Cancún - Chetumal Km 230, 77780 Tulum, Q.R., Mexico

75 Introduction to Chichen Itza, Mexico

Chichen Itza is the most famous of the nearly 4,400 Mayan ruins across Mesoamerica. The ancient city began in the 7th century during the Late Classic period. Within three hundred years, it expanded to about 15 square miles and had a peak population of 300,000. For the next 200 years, Chichen Itza was influenced by the Itza civilization. After they were outcast in 1221, the site was mostly abandoned. Today, less than one third of the acreage has been excavated. Despite the remote location on the Yucatán Peninsula (about a 2.5 hour drive from Cancun), Chichen Itza is a major tourist attraction. One look at the iconic El Castillo shows why these Mayan ruins have been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This pride of Mexico is also among the New Seven Wonders of the World.

Chichen Itza Parking Lot, Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, México

76 French Market Arch Entry in New Orleans, Louisiana

Below rows of cast iron balconies are the famous (some would say infamous) streets of New Orleans’ French Quarter. This neighborhood is a swirling, vibrant kaleidoscope of architectural charm, neon lights, loud music and artisans plus aromas of fresh fish and day-old beer. The area also welcomes throngs of people who thrill at watching people watch them as they strut, stroll or stumble along. Take time to visit the French Market, the country’s oldest since 1791. Also sample some quick-serve Cajun specialties.

146 Barracks St, New Orleans, LA 70116

77 Henry B. Plant Museum in Tampa, Florida

Henry B. Plant was a railroad tycoon. In 1891, he proudly opened the ultra-luxury Tampa Bay Hotel. This Moorish Revival design features a stunning array of stainless-steel cupolas, domes and minarets stretching for a quarter of a mile. Inside the six-acre resort were unheard of amenities such as telephones, electric lights and an elevator. The 500 suites provided stunning views of the 150 acre grounds and the Hillsborough River. It closed in 1930. The south end is now a museum showcasing several of the original rooms, furniture and artworks. The other wing is used by the University of Tampa.

401 W Kennedy Blvd, Tampa, FL 33606

78 Vinoy Yacht Basin Marina in St. Petersburg, Florida

As you might have guessed, the namesake for St. Petersburg is the city in Russia. You probably don’t know why. According to legend, the two men who co-founded the town in 1876 flipped a coin to see who would name it. Peter Demens won. So, he gave it the name of his birthplace. Today, St. Petersburg has a population of about 250,000 people. This makes it the fourth largest city in Florida. But when you are sitting along the downtown waterfront and looking at Vinoy Yacht Basin, you feel like you are in a charming European town.

375 2nd Ave NE, St. Petersburg, FL 33701

79 Museum of Art & History in Key West, Florida

This red brick building along Front Street was the Custom House when it was built in 1891. It also served as a post office and district courthouse. The U.S. Navy acquired the property in 1932 but later abandoned it for almost two decades. After a $9 million restoration of this Richardsonian Romanesque landmark, it reopened as the Key West Museum of Art & History.

281 Front St, Key West, FL 33040

80 Wooden Fishing Boats in Havana, Cuba

While walking along the Malecón, you will notice men fishing from shore. Others cast off in the morning from Canal de Entrada in their small wooden boats. It is common to see these anglers carrying their fresh catch toward home. What you won’t find is them selling their fish. It is illegal … surprising on an island surrounded by the Caribbean Sea. Tourists can charter deep sea excursions. They frequently catch large tuna, sailfish and marlins. Fly fishing and trolling the saltwater flats is also available. The coastal waters encircling Cuba are pristine with plenty of trophy fish.

Av Del Puerto and Chacón Streets, La Habana, Cuba

81 Pristine White Beach at Half Moon Cay, The Bahamas

There are plenty of activities to keep you busy during your one-day visit to Half Moon Cay. The best feature is the two miles of sandy, white beach. Plus the shallow waters of the Bone Fish Lagoon are always warm because the island’s temperature is consistently in the 70°s or 80°s. Half Moon Cay is the picture-perfect postcard of paradise.

Half Moon Cay, Bahamas

82 The Cloisters in Nassau, Bahamas

The most beautiful architectural surprise in Nassau is The Cloisters. This was part of a 12th century monastery for Augustinian monks from Montréjeau, a small village in southwestern France near Spain’s border. In the 1920s, this lovely colonnade was purchased by newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst. In the early 1960s, Huntington Hartford acquired it as part of his development of Paradise Island. The reassembly across from Versailles Gardens was a two year project skillfully performed by J. J. Castremanne and finished in 1968. In the center is a white statue named Silence.

The Cloister, Paradise Island Dr, The Bahamas

83 History of Great Stirrup Cay, Bahamas

Great Stirrup Cay is uninhabited except for cruising day trippers. But that was not always true. The first residents were the Lucayans dating back to 600 AD. These Indians lived and farmed throughout the Caribbean. Their name means “people of the islands.” Most of them were removed and enslaved by the Spanish during the 1500s. From the mid-17th century until 1730, the island was a hideout for seagoing bandits during the Golden Age of Piracy. Beginning in 1815, it became a settlement for British slave traders and a couple of plantations. During the American Civil War, the Confederates and Unionists engaged in several sea battles here. At this same time, the existing lighthouse was built in 1863. During WWII, this was an American base. They used underwater cables to detect German subs. From about 1940 until 1991, the U.S. Air Force used Berry Islands as a tracking station. In 1986, the Belcher Oil Company sold the 268 acres to the Norwegian Caribbean Line (the original name for NCL).

Great Stirrup Cay, Bahamas

84 Vizcaya Museum Main House in Miami, Florida

One look at Villa Vizcaya and you would think this was a palazzo built along the Grand Canal in Venice by a wealthy aristocrat. The estate even has colorful striped pali mooring poles. Instead, this was the former winter mansion of James Deering when built in the 1920s. This National Historic Landmark located in Coconut Grove has been called the Hearst Castle of the East. Today, Villa Vizcaya is a fascinating museum managed by Miami-Dade County.

3251 S Miami Ave, Miami, FL 33129

85 Skyline of Fort Lauderdale Beach, Florida

Welcome to Fort Lauderdale. This Florida gem has 23 miles of beaches along the Atlantic coast. This is home to 170,000 people in the city and a total of 5.7 million in the metropolitan area. Many residents are snowbirds who head south for the winter. Fort Lauderdale is also a popular tourist destination with over 12 million visitors a year. Who can resist the sun, sand, water and glamor of the “Venice of America?”

3030 Holiday Dr, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33316

86 Simpsons Riding Rollercoaster at Universal in Orlando, Florida

Why are Homer, Bart, Marge and Lisa screaming? Maybe because Universal Studios Florida spent over $30 million to open The Simpson Ride in 2008. The attraction is a fascinating and fun journey through Krustyland. You will be entertained by over twenty characters of the TV show in 3D animation while rocking along on a roller coaster.

The Simpsons Ride, 2 Exposition Blvd, Orlando, FL 32819

87 Times Square in New York City, New York

The bright neon signs, flashing ads, street performers, careening cabs, musical productions and guarding police at Times Square in Midtown are only a part of the menagerie. About 40 million people annually make the pilgrimage to the “Center of the Universe.” In 1872, it was called Longacre Square. When the New York Times became a major tenant in 1904, the area adopted the newspaper’s name. Once considered a prime location, it deteriorated during the Great Depression through the mid-1990s. Then, Mayor Rudolph Giuliani cleared out the porn theaters and helped restore the Broadway ones. This has been the location of countless parades and movies. The most famous event since 1907 is the New Year’s Eve ball drop.

Times Square, Manhattan, NY 10036

88 Rhode Island State House and Rotunda Dome Composite in Providence, Rhode Island

This is a two-photo composite of the Providence, Rhode Island capital. 1) The south façade of the marble dome on the Rhode Island State House built in 1904. 2) The interior rotunda and dome with its decorative designs, murals and rose-colored rectangular windows. The Latin phrase around the dome means, “Rare felicity (state of happiness) of the times when it is permitted to think as you like and say what you think.”

82 Smith St, Providence, RI 02903

89 Hyannis Harbor Lighthouse at Barnstable on Cape Cod, Massachusetts

For 80 years starting in 1849, eight keepers managed this lighthouse in order to safely guide boats into Hyannis Harbor on Cape Cod. No doubt several of those sailors were members of the Kennedy family. Their summer compound is nearby. Imagine seeing John F. Kennedy navigating his beloved 26 foot Victura sailboat by the Hyannis Harbor Lighthouse. Today, this light is a privately-owned antique store.

199 Channel Point Rd, Hyannis, MA 02601

90 Boston Tea Party Museum in Boston, Massachusetts

On December 16, 1773, a group named the Sons of Liberty stormed three ships. The protestors threw more than three hundred chests of cargo into Boston Harbor. This defiance to the British Tea Act led to the Parliament’s Coercive Acts. The new law rescinded Massachusetts’ ability to self-govern. More protests followed. In less than two years, the Revolutionary War began. This red museum in Fort Port Channel welcomes tourists to board a ship similar to those historic vessels.

306 Congress St, Boston, MA 02210

91 Portland Head Light at Fort Williams Park in Cape Elizabeth, Maine

There are over 150 lighthouses along 6,000 miles of New England’s coast. Ship’s navigation technology has made most of them obsolete. However, they are still busy as beacons to tourists with cameras. Maine has 66 lights. The oldest is Portland Head Light in Williams Park. The 80 foot lighthouse is located in a suburb of Portland called Cape Elizabeth. George Washington commissioned the light in 1787. It began shining four years later. The keeper’s house dates from 1891.

12 Captain Strout Cir, Cape Elizabeth, ME 04107

92 Schooner Head from Overlook in Acadia National Park, Maine

Credit earthquakes, volcanoes and glaciers for forming the 47,000 acres of pristine forests, rugged coastlines, peninsula fingers and charming inlets of Acadia National Park near Bar Harbor. This cliff with a cluster of exclusive homes is Schooner Head. The gorgeous scene is viewable from the Overlook observation point just off the Park Loop Road.

Schooner Head Rd & Schooner Head Trailhead, Bar Harbor, ME 04609

93 Reversing Falls in Saint John, Canada

Reversing Falls is a rare anomaly of nature. This is where the Saint John River rushes through a narrow gorge before emptying into the Bay of Fundy and then the Atlantic Ocean. The bay is subject to an extreme range of tides of up to 28 feet. During high tide (every 12 hours and 10 minutes), the river runs backwards in swirling whirlpools and rapids. The powerful action is mesmerizing. The gorge was formed about 15,000 years ago at the end of the last glacial period. Geologists suspect three waterfalls once existed here. The cascades slowly eroded into the current view about 3,000 years ago.

Reversing Falls Lookout Point, Chesley Dr, Saint John, NB E2K 5L6, Canada

94 Old Town Clock in Halifax, Canada

Welcome to Halifax, the capital city of Nova Scotia, Canada. This travel guide introduces you to the highlights in downtown and then along the waterfront. A great place to start your walking tour is at the Old Town Clock on Citadel Hill. This landmark was commissioned by Prince Edward, the son of King George III, while he was stationed in Halifax as the Commander-in-Chief of North America. Apparently, the Duke of Kent and Strathearn had grown intolerant of soldiers’ excuses for being tardy. Garrison Clock was built in 1803. The young man is re-enacting a mid-1800s soldier from the Royal Artillery at the Halifax Citadel.

1766 Brunswick St, Halifax, NS B3J 3Y3, Canada

95 Peggy’s Point Lighthouse in Peggy’s Cove, Canada

Peggy’s Cove is a quintessential fishing village – small, quaint and picturesque – about a 45 minute drive from downtown Halifax. Perched atop slabs of exposed gray granite is Peggy’s Point Lighthouse. This is the most famous of the 150 lighthouses still operating in Nova Scotia. The white, octagonal tower stands 49 feet at the end of a headland along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. It was built in 1915 to replace the original from 1868. Expect crowds of camera-carrying tourists. Locals claim this is among the most photographed sites in Atlantic Canada.

185 Peggys Point Rd, Peggys Cove, NS B3Z 3S1, Canada

96 Green Gables House in Cavendish, Canada

A short 23 miles from downtown Charlottetown is one of the most popular attractions on Prince Edward Island: Green Gables Heritage Place. This 2.5 acre former homestead of the MacNeill family was often visited by Lucy Maud Montgomery when she was a young girl. The farm was the setting for her 1908 novel “Anne of Green Gables.” The 19th century property in Cavendish became a national park in the 1930s and declared a National Historic Site in 1985. If your fascination continues when back in Charlottetown, then visit the Anne of Green Gables Store or attend the musical, Canada’s longest running theatrical production since 1965.

8619 Cavendish Rd, Cavendish, PE C0A 1M0, Canada

97 Viewing Platform on Glynmill Pond in Corner Brook, Canada

After admiring Glynmill Inn, it is a short stroll along Cobb Lane before reaching a staircase down to a wooden platform overlooking Glynmill Pond. Stop! Savor the spectrum of autumn foliage reflecting off the clear blue lake. Smell the evergreens. Hear the rustle of dry leaves. Watch a graceful swan swim by. This scenery is sensational! Linger as long as you want. Moments like this are a rare gift.

2-4 Cobb Ln, Corner Brook, NL A2H 2V3, Canada

98 Migrating Snow Geese at Ha! Ha! Bay in Saguenay, Canada

Birdwatchers, grab your binoculars. You will want to witness the autumn migration of greater snow geese at Ha! Ha! Bay in La Baie, a borough of Saguenay. These magnificent birds breed in the Canadian High Artic. In September, approximately 700,000 begin their 2,500 mile journey along the Atlantic flyway to their wintering grounds in the United States. During early October, huge concentrations begin arriving here to rest and feed. Thousands more appear throughout the month. Their white plumage glistens against the sky and along the mudflats. The chorus of bird calls is intense. Then, toward the end of the month, they will all disappear overnight.

3346 Boulevard de la Grande-Baie-Sud, La Baie, QC G7B 1G2, Canada

99 Aerial View of La Citadelle in Old Québec City, Canada

The French built successive Saint-Louis Forts overlooking the Saint Lawrence River in 1620, 1648 and 1723. They also constructed a wall encircling the city in the late 17th century. These defenses proved inadequate against the British during the Seven Years’ War in 1759. After the War of 1812, the British decided to build the existing star-shaped citadel. The fortress was designed by Lieutenant Colonel Elias Walker Durnford. La Citadelle de Québec was finished in 1850. This National Historic Site of Canada consists of 24 structures. One of them is the residence for the governor general of Canada. Others are used by the Royal 22nd Regiment, an infantry battalion of the Canadian Armed Forces. Many of the buildings are open to the public.

1 Côte de la Citadelle, Québec, QC G1R 3R2, Canada

100 Inside Notre-Dame Basilica at Place d’Armes in Montreal, Canada

Over 11 million people annually visit Notre-Dame Basilica. You can always expect a long line of tourists eager to go in. Is it worth the wait? Absolutely! The interior is among the most spectacular in the world. The ribbed canopy features stars against a blue-green field. The ceiling is pierced by huge Gothic arches. Bold painted columns define two levels of balconies. An abundance of wooden sculptures and stained-glass windows accent the nave and sanctuary. The intricate pulpit (left) with a spiral staircase stands an impressive 46 feet. The altarpiece features the Crucifixion plus four Old Testament scenes. In short, you will be awed. For a special treat, attend an evening performance of Aura. The 45 minute music and light show by Moment Factory is phenomenal.

110 Notre-Dame St W, Montreal, QC H2Y 2V5, Canada