Copenhagen – Two

Copenhagen is a delightful blend of historic charm and a thriving metropolitan community of two million people. It offers excellent sightseeing, an array of cultural and entertainment venues, modern accommodations and a welcoming Nordic spirit.

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1 Christian IV’s Crown in Copenhagen, Denmark

Christian IV was the King of Denmark from 1588 until 1684. His reign of 59 years was the country’s longest. The crown of Christian den Fjerde is showcased among other Danish Crown Regalia in a basement vault of The Treasury located in Rosenborg Castle. It was crafted by Didrik Fyren in 1596. The gold, cut diamonds, pearls and other gemstones weigh about 6.4 pounds.

Øster Voldgade 4A 1350 København K, Denmark
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2 Dome of Frederik’s Church in Copenhagen, Denmark

The grand entrance to Frederiks Kirche is capped by a copper dome resting on a dozen columns. It rises about 102 feet. Flanking the pediment are statues of religious figures including Moses and Martin Luther. The church is named after King Frederick V. Frederik commissioned the development of the Frederiksstaden District in the late 18th century to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Danish rule by the House of Oldenburg.

Frederiksgade 4, 1265 København, Denmark
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3 Altar of Frederik’s Church in Copenhagen, Denmark

The centerpiece of the Frederik’s Church is this ornate, baroque altar. Surrounding it (off camera) are twelve frescos painted by Chresten Overgaard which represent the Apostles. The Frederiks Kirche serves the Evangelical Lutheran community in the Frederiksstaden District. Construction of The Marble Church took about 150 years from 1749 until 1894. It is located a block west of the Amalienborg Palace.

Frederiksgade 4, 1265 København, Denmark
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4 Amalienborg Palaces History in Copenhagen, Denmark

In 1448, Count Christian I became the King of Denmark. To celebrate the 300th anniversary of Danish rule by the House of Oldenburg, King Frederick V commissioned the design of four identical mansions for noble families. The project in the Frederiksstaden District, which is now collectively called Amalienborg, was acquired by the king and queen in 1794 when their Christiansborg Palace was destroyed by fire. The palaces still serve as the winter residence for the Royal Family.

Amalienborg Slotsplads 7 1257 København K, Denmark
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5 Marching Band towards Amalienborg in Copenhagen, Denmark

When the Queen of Denmark is in residence, a marching band and the King’s Guard accompany the Royal Life Guards in a procession that starts at 11:30 from the Rosenborg Castle and arrives at Amalienborg Slotsplads courtyard at noon. Their military march tunes ring through the Frederiksstaden District of Copenhagen.

Bredgade 49 St, 1260 København K, Denmark
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6 Bishop Absalon Equestrian Statue in Copenhagen, Denmark

This equestrian monument by Vilhelm Bissen is a tribute to Bishop Absalon, the founding father of Copenhagen. In 1167, he constructed a castle named Kaufmanne Hafen which translates to Merchants Harbour. From that humble beginning grew the city of København. The statue, which was erected in 1901 on the 700th anniversary of Absalon’s death, is at Højbro Plads. This square is surrounded by 18th and 19th century buildings. The one seen here at Gammel Strand 10 once headquarter the Kgl. Brand insurance company. Today it is the law offices of Johan Schlüter Advokatfirma.

Højbro Pl. 10 1200 København K, Denmark
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7 Børsen Entrance Ramp in Copenhagen, Denmark

In the early 17th century, King Christian IV had a vision to develop a grand district called Christianshaven. The plans called for building the Børsen. It was Denmark’s stock exchange until 1974. In addition, the grand hall on the first floor housed about 50 merchant booths. Can you imagine going to market in this magnificent Dutch Renaissance landmark?

Børsgade 2 1215 København K, Denmark
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8 Neptune Statue at Børsen in Copenhagen, Denmark

This statue of Neptune, the Roman god of the sea, stands near the entrance of the Børsen. When the building was constructed on the Slotsholmen island in the early 17th century it was surrounded by waterways. Neptune is holding his traditional weapon, the three-pronged spear called a trident. It is the work of Johann Christoph Petzold who was a German sculptor. He created it 1745.

Børsgade 2 1215 København K, Denmark
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9 Christian’s Church in Copenhagen, Denmark

Christians Kirke is named after King Christian V who allowed local German merchants to construct their own parish church. It was funded by a monarch-approved lottery which is why it earned the nickname Lottery Church. It was originally called Frederik’s German Church when it was built in 1759. The 229 foot tower was added ten years later. Today its denomination is Protestant.

Strandgade 1 1401 København K, Denmark
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10 Admiral Niels Juel Statue in Copenhagen, Denmark

This bronze statue by Theobald Stein was erected in 1881 as a monument to Admiral Niels Juel. During the late 17th century, he was responsible for creating a formidable Royal Dano-Norwegian Navy and led fleets in several sea skirmishes against Sweden, culminating with the Battle of Køge Bay in 1677. This tribute is located on Holmens Kanal, a small street named after a navy canal that was here from 1606 until 1860. The Admiral is buried a short distance away in the Holmens Kirke.

Holmens Kanal & Holbergsgade, 1060 København K, Denmark
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11 City Hall Clock Tower From Courtyard in Copenhagen, Denmark

The City Hall’s clock tower rises 346 feet. The three hundred stairs are worth climbing for a panorama of the city and a bird’s eye view of Tivoli, the amusement park across the street. This stylistic photo of the Københavns Rådhus was taken through a black garden trellis in the inner courtyard.

Rådhuspladsen 1, 1599 København, Denmark
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12 Ornate Frieze on The Red Building in Copenhagen, Denmark

The bust above the crown and Denmark’s coat of arms is Frederick IV who was the King of Denmark when this ornate frieze was carved on The Red Building in 1721. Also called the Building of Colleges, it is connected to the Christiansborg Palace on Slotsholmen island. The Den Røde Bygning served as the Chancellery House until 1848. It is now the offices of the Ministry of Finance.

Christiansborg Slotsplads 1, 1218 København K, Denmark
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13 Goddess Gefjion Statue in Copenhagen, Denmark

This close up of the Norse goddess Gefjion is at the summit of a major water fountain in Chruchillparken. She is best known for creating the island of Zealand. However, she is also associated with virginity. According to legend, all those who die chaste become her attendant. This statue by Anders Bundgaard was unveiled in 1908.

Churchillparken & Langelinie, 1263 København K, Denmark
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14 Holmens Kirke from Holmens Bro in Copenhagen, Denmark

The land on the left, as seen from Holmens Bridge, has had an extensive history. Prior to the 1500s it was an island. During the early 16th century it was reshaped into a peninsula and was the location of a shipyard commissioned by King Christian III. His successor, Frederick II, then added an anchor forge (factory). The next King of Denmark, Christian IV, converted them into a church in 1619. Over the next 250 years, Holmens Kirke was expanded into today’s appearance.

Holmens Bro 1060 København K, Denmark
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15 Hôtel d’Angleterre in Copenhagen, Denmark

Since opening its elegant doors in 1775, the name Hôtel d’Angleterre has been synonymous with luxury. Their current building was constructed around 1800 in the heart of the city at Kongens Nytorv (King’s New Square). It was extensively renovated in 2013. The name of this five-star property is French for England Hotel.

Kongens Nytorv 34, 1050 København K, Denmark
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16 Ivar Huitfeldt Column in Copenhagen, Denmark

This monument is a tribute to Ivar Huitfeldt and 600 of his men who died heroically in 1704 during a Great Northern War sea battle against Sweden. A relief medallion of the Danish Fleet Commander can be seen at the base of the column which is flanked by four canons. The tribute was created by Vilhelm Dahlerup in 1886. It is located in the Langeline park along an esplanade that is parallel to the port.

Nordre Toldbod 16 1259 København K, Denmark
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17 Couple Walking along Larsens Plads in Copenhagen, Denmark

This couple is walking along Larsens Plads, a waterfront promenade in Copenhagen. Behind them are former warehouses that were built during the 18th century to support the shipping trade. The area’s name is derived from a lumber yard that was established here in 1801 by Lars Larsen.

Toldbodgade 34 1253 København K, Denmark
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18 Opera House Seen from Quay in Copenhagen, Denmark

The Copenhagen Opera House is a neo-futurism building that opened in 2004 on the island of Holmen in a waterfront section called Dokøen. The half billion dollar construction cost was a gift of the Møller Foundation. Operaen på Holmen is seen here from across the harbor. In the foreground are mooring rings along the Kvæsthusbroen quay.

Ekvipagemestervej 10, 1438 København K, Denmark
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19 Ludvig Holberg Statue at Royal Theater in Copenhagen, Denmark

This statue outside of the Royal Danish Theater is Ludvig Holberg. He was a Danish-Norwegian writer, historian, philosopher and playwright who is often called the founder of Danish literature. Among his numerous accomplishments, he wrote comedies during the early 18th century that were performed at the Lille Grønnegade Theater which was a precursor to this Det Kongelige Teater. The sculpture by Theobald Stein was erected in 1875.

Kongens Nytorv 9 1050 København K, Denmark
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20 Strøget Shopping District in Copenhagen, Denmark

Strøget is the main shopping district in central Copenhagen. The cobblestoned, pedestrian street stretches for 1.1 kilometers which make it one of the longest in Europe. It is flanked by charming often historic buildings including one that dates back to 1616. Here you will find anything you need, from luxury retailers to street vendors for a quick bite to eat.

Vimmelskaftet 46, 1161 København K, Denmark
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21 Mathias Hansen House in Copenhagen, Denmark

Mathias Hansen was a politician in the early 17th century. In 1616, he had this red brick, three-level renaissance style townhouse built. He went on to become the borgermester or city major for four years starting in 1622. The Mathias Hansens Gård is one of the oldest structures in the center of Copenhagen. It is now occupied by Royal Copenhagen, the manufacturer of fine Danish porcelain.

Amagertorv 6, 1160 København K, Denmark
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22 Metropol Teatret Façade in Copenhagen, Denmark

This exquisite, art nouveau façade belonged to the Metropol Teatret when it opened in 1923. This grand theater at the intersection of Strøget and Kattesundet was a popular venue for new release films. When it closed in 1980 it became retail space and is currently occupied by the New Yorker clothing store. Fortunately they have done nothing to mar this beautify architecture.

Kattesundet 3 1458 København K, Denmark
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23 Pavilion at Nytorv in Copenhagen, Denmark

This octagon pavilion with its gilded bas reliefs and copper dome graces the center of Nytorv, a square that dates back to 1606. It was erected by architect Otto Käszner when the New Square was renovated in 1993. I thought it was a charming addition until I learned it stands on the former spot of the pillory, which is a wooden frame for securing criminals’ heads and hands during public humiliation. Executions were also conducted here by hanging or beheading from the early 17th century until 1758.

Nytorv 1F 1450 København K, Denmark
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24 Pediment above Ministry of Finance Entrance in Copenhagen, Denmark

This pediment with the Danish crown, the monogram of King Frederik IV and two cherubs blowing horns caught my eye. The address of Christiansborg Slotsplads 1 is the entry to Denmark’s Ministry of Finance. They are an arm of the government that analyzes the country’s economic and financial environment and support decisions regarding the budget and policy formation. Reporting to it are four government agencies.

Christiansborg Slotsplads 1 1218 København K, Denmark
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Royal Horse Carriage in Copenhagen, Denmark

Inside the Christiansborg Palace are the Royal Stables and Show Grounds. They maintain the horses and carriages used to transport guests of the Royal Family during major ceremonies. You can visit the stables to see a great collection of historical coaches, uniforms, harnesses and more. If you are lucky, you will see some of the 20 royal horses being exercised around the city streets.

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25 Bell Tower on Church of the Holy Ghost in Copenhagen, Denmark

Construction on this bell and clock tower that rises over the Helligåndskirken began in 1520 but was halted during the Protestant Reformation. Work resumed in 1537 when it became a Lutheran parish. It was finished in 1594. After being destroyed by fire, the spire was reconstructed in 1880.

Niels Hemmingsens Gade 5, 1153 København, Denmark
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26 Lion Sculpture in Front of Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek in Copenhagen, Denmark

This regal lion guarding the entrance of the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek is one of two by French sculptor Antoine-Louis Barye. They are a hint of the approximate 10,000 sculptures you’ll enjoy inside the art museum. The collection includes ancient statues from Egypt, Greece and Italy plus 19th and 20th century samples from France and Denmark. One of my favorites was seeing a copy of Auguste Rodin’s “The Thinker” located in Glyptotekshaven which means the Garden of Glyptotek. Admission is free.

Dantes Plads 7 1704 København V, Denmark
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27 Bicycle Leaning Against a Nyborder House in Copenhagen, Denmark

Copenhagen loves its bicycles. Approximately 50% of its residents commute each day by bike. There are an estimated 560,000 bicycles among a population of 520,000. With all of this traffic, it is not surprising to learn cyclists enjoy their own lanes and stop lights. This bike is leaning against a yellow Nyborder house built for the navy during the early 17th century.

Sankt Pauls Gade 28 1313 København K, Denmark
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28 Sailing Ships Docked along Nyhavn in Copenhagen, Denmark

These ships are moored at the quay on Nyhaven. Docking vessels here continues a tradition dating back to 1673 when this inner harbor was dug out by prisoners at the command of King Christian V. For the next 400 years, it grew into a major shipping port but then tapered off in the late 1940s. Today, traffic consists of some working vessels, restored wooden sailing ships plus sightseeing boats.

Nyhavn 2, 1051 København, Denmark
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29 Rosenborg Barracks in Copenhagen, Denmark

This structure adjacent to the Rosenborg Slot was built during the 17th century as the barracks for the troops of King Christian V. For 100 years, from 1885 until 1985, it was used by the Royal Life Guard. They are an infantry regiment that protects the royal properties. Today, only the guards who are an active duty stay here.

Gothersgade 100 1123 København K, Denmark
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30 Royal Library’s Black Diamond Site in Copenhagen, Denmark

The National Library of Denmark was formed in 1648 by Frederick III while he was the King of Denmark and Norway. In 1482, the University of Copenhagen’s library was established. When these two institutions merged in 1989, their collection of materials exceeded 34 million, making it the biggest library in Scandinavia. This waterfront, modern glass building is the Royal Danish Library’s Black Diamond site. Den Sorte Diamant was built in 1999.

Søren Kierkegaards Plads 1, 1221 København K, Denmark
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31 Sankt Pauls Kirke in Copenhagen, Denmark

This red brick church in the Nyborder district was built in 1877 based on the design of architect Johannes Emil Gnudtzmann. Its impressive clock and bell tower is seen here from St. Paul’s Square. Its denomination is Lutheran Church of Denmark and it currently has about 2,600 parishioners.

Gernersgade 33, 1319 København K, Denmark
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32 Winged Victoria Sculpture in Copenhagen, Denmark

This statue standing on an orb atop the Ivar Huitfeldt Column is Victoria. In Roman mythology, she was a winged goddess who symbolized victory over death during a war or battle. It seems appropriate that she towers over a monument to sailors who lost their life during the Great Northern War. Artist Ferdinand Edvard Ring created the sculpture in 1886.

Nordre Toldbod 16 1259 København K, Denmark
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33 Tower Over Gammel Strand in Copenhagen, Denmark

Gammel Strand used to be a quay along a harbor where Copenhagen was founded. Now a row of colorful houses from the 18th and 19th century line the northern bank of the Slotsholmens Canal. In the background is the copper tower of the former Sankt Nikolaj Kirke located at Nikolaj Plads. It was originally built around 1200. After St. Nicholas Church was destroyed by fire in 1795, it was reconstructed with funds from Carl Jacobsen of the Carlsberg brewery. Today it is home to Nikolaj, the Copenhagen Contemporary Art Center.

Ved Stranden 10, 1061 København K, Denmark
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34 World’s Tallest Man Statue in Copenhagen, Denmark

This statue shows Robert Wadlow who was the tallest man in the world. When he died at the age of 22 in 1940, he weighed 438 pounds yet his 8’ 1” frame looked thin. This likeness of the Gentle Giant stands tall at the entrance of the Guinness World of Records Museum in Copenhagen. They promise to delight you with exhibits that show over 500 world records.

Østergade 16, 1100 København K, Denmark
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35 Zinkglobal Artwork by Kim Michael in Copenhagen, Denmark

Copenhagen is filled with beautiful and historic sculptures plus an occasional modern and humorous one like Zinkglobal. An obvious parody of the famous 1904 bronze statue “The Thinker” by Auguste Rodine, this contemplative figure is constructed with scrap metal and sits on top of a metallic “The Key to the Future.” The outdoor artwork, which is displayed at Nordre Toldbod along the harbor, is by Kim Michael who refers to himself as TheZinker.

Nordre Toldbod 12, 1259 København K, Denmark
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